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Soyuz MS-15 begins expedition 61 by carrying NASA astronaut Jessica Meir, Roscosmos cosmonaut Oleg Skripochka and United Arab Emirates’ Hazzaa Ali Almansoori, a Roscosmos spaceflight participant and first Emirati in space that will spend only 8 days aboard ISS before returning to Earth aboard a Soyuz MS-12.Low Earth Orbit #SoyuzMS15
Uncrewed Soyuz MS spacecraft to bring cargo to the space station. This demo flight tests a modified motion and navigation control system, as well as mating to Soyuz-2.1a rocket. The results will be used in development of an uncrewed cargo vehicle, based on Soyuz spacecraft.Low Earth Orbit
The Meridian series of communications satellites is reported to be the replacement for all the Molniya-1T, the Molniya-3 and Molniya-3K satellite series and possibly also for the communication component of the Parus. They are launched into highly eccentric Molniya-orbits. Meridian is the highly eccentric orbit (HEO) component of the Integrated Satellite Communications System (ISSS), where they work in conjunction with the geostationary Raduga-1M (Globus-M) satellites. The bus structure is reportedly pressurized, possibly based on the Uragan-M bus. Meridian satellites carry three transponders operating in different frequency bands.
Soyuz MS-13 begins expedition 60 by carrying NASA astronaut Andrew Morgan, Luca Parmitano of ESA (European Space Agency) and Alexander Skvortsov of the Russian space agency Roscosmos launch to the International Space Station aboard the Soyuz spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.Low Earth Orbit
This is the fourth spacecraft in the Russian Meteor-M series of remote sensing satellites. Weighing about 2750 kg, it is intended to gather hydrometeorological data from sun-synchronous orbit. This includes monitoring ozone layer and radiation levels in the near-Earth space, as well as monitoring ocean surface temperatures and ice conditions.
Glonass-M, also known as Uragan-M, are the second generation of Uragan satellite design used for GLONASS satellite navigation system. GLONASS is a Russian space-based navigation system comparable to the similar GPS and Galileo systems. This generation improves on accuracy, power consumption and design life. Each satellite weighs 1415 kg, is equipped with 12 L-band antennas, and has an operational lifetime of 7 years.Medium Earth Orbit