Spacecraft

Explore the spacecraft we use to stay in orbit.


Apollo Command/Service Module

In-active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 3
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Cargo and Human Transportation to Lunar Orbit
Description

The Apollo Command/Service Module (CSM) was one of two principal components of the United States Apollo spacecraft, used for the Apollo program which landed astronauts on the Moon between 1969 and 1972. The CSM functioned as a mother ship which carried a crew of three astronauts and the second Apollo ...


Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV)

In-active Cargo
Arianespace (ASA)
Cargo Earth Orbit Logistics
Description

In terms of its role, the ATV was designed to complement the smaller Russian Progress spacecraft, possessing three times its useful payload capacity. Similar to the Progress, it would carry both bulk liquids and relatively fragile freight, which would be stored within a cargo hold maintained at a pressurized shirt-sleeve ...


Cargo Dragon 2

In-active Cargo
SpaceX (SpX)
Cargo Earth Orbit Logistics
Description

Cargo Dragon 2 is a autonomous spaceship capable of bringing science to and from the International Space Station with large pressurized and un-pressurized sections to support a variety of missions.


Crew Capsule 1

In-active Cargo
Blue Origin (BO)
It carries cargo.
Description

It was launched on th first 6 flights of the New Shepard.


Crew Capsule 2.0

Active Cargo Crew Capacity: 1
Blue Origin (BO)
It is designed to carry cargo, but Blue Origin hopes to fly people onboard its Crew Capsule in the future.
Description

It is deisgned to spearate from the launcher stage below the Karman line and pursue a ballistic free flight above it before landing.


Crew Dragon 2

Active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 7
SpaceX (SpX)
Crew Flights to ISS
Description

Crew Dragon 2 is capable of lifting seven astronauts, or a combination of crew and cargo to and from low Earth orbit. Its heat shield is designed to withstand Earth re-entry velocities from Lunar and Martian spaceflights.


CST-100 Starliner

Active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 7
Boeing (BA)
Cargo and Human Transportation
Description

The Boeing CST-100 Starliner (Crew Space Transportation) crew capsule is a spacecraft design under construction by Boeing as their entry for NASA's Commercial Crew Development program. Its primary purpose is to transport crew to the International Space Station and to private space stations.


Cygnus Enhanced

Active Cargo
Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems (NGIS)
Cargo Earth Orbit Logistics
Description

The Cygnus spacecraft is launched aboard Antares or the Atlas V to deliver cargo to the ISS under NASAs CRS contracts. It has no heatshield so at the end of its mission its used to dispose of waste by burning up in the Earths atmosphere.


Cygnus Standard

Active Cargo
Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems (NGIS)
Cargo Earth Orbit Logistics
Description

The Cygnus spacecraft is launched aboard Antares or the Atlas V to deliver cargo to the ISS under NASAs CRS contracts. It has no heatshield so at the end of its mission its used to dispose of waste by burning up in the Earths atmosphere.


Dragon 1

Active Cargo
SpaceX (SpX)
ISS Logistics
Description

SpaceX is additionally developing a crewed variant of the Dragon called Dragon V2. Dragon V2 will be able to carry up to seven astronauts, or some combination of crew and cargo, to and from low Earth orbit. The V2 heat shield is designed to withstand Earth re-entry velocities from Lunar ...


Gemini

In-active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 2
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Human transportation to low Earth orbit.
Description

The spacecraft was 18 feet 5 inches (5.61 m) long and 10 feet (3.0 m) wide, with a launch weight varying from 7,100 to 8,350 pounds (3,220 to 3,790 kg).


H-II Transfer Vehicle (HTV)

Active Cargo
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
Cargo Earth Orbit Logistics
Description

The HTV is about 9.8 metres (32 ft) long (including maneuvering thrusters at one end) and 4.4 metres (14 ft) in diameter. Total mass when empty is 10.5 tonnes (11.6 short tons), with a maximum total payload of 6,000 kilograms (13,000 lb; 6.0 t; 6.6 short tons), for a maximum ...


Mercury

In-active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Human transportation to upper Earth atmosphere and low Earth orbit.
Description

The Mercury spacecraft's principal designer was Maxime Faget, who started research for manned spaceflight during the time of the NACA. With 100 cubic feet (2.8 m3) of habitable volume, the capsule was just large enough for a single crew member. Inside were 120 controls: 55 electrical switches, 30 fuses and ...


North American X-15

In-active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 1
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Experimental aircraft used for Aircraft and Spacecraft design
Description

The North American X-15 was a hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft operated by the United States Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The X-15 reached altitudes of over 80km and speeds of over 6000 km/h. The X-15 had a wingspan of 6.8 meters, and length of 15.4


Orion

Active Cargo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Description

The Orion MPCV takes basic design elements from the Apollo Command Module that took astronauts to the moon, but its technology and capability are more advanced. It is designed to support long-duration deep space missions, with up to 21 days active crew time plus 6 months quiescent. During the quiescent ...


Progress

Active Cargo
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) (RFSA)
ISS Logistics
Description

The purpose of Progress is to deliver supplies needed to sustain human presence in orbit. Currently it is used as a re-supply spacecraft for the ISS.


Shenzhou

Active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 3
China National Space Administration (CNSA)
Chinese manned spaceflight program.
Description

The Shenzhou spacecraft resembles the Soyuz, although it is longer, with a larger habitable volume. It features a powered service module like the Soyuz, and prior to Shenzhou 8 its orbital module was capable of autonomous flight. The aft service module contains life support and other equipment required for the ...


Soyuz

Active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 3
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) (RFSA)
Manned and Cargo ISS Logistics
Description

Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space programme by the Korolyov Design Bureau (now RKK Energia) in the 1960s that remains in service today. The Soyuz succeeded the Voskhod spacecraft and was originally built as part of the Soviet Manned Lunar programme. nn The Soyuz spacecraft ...


Space Shuttle

In-active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 7
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Carrying a crew of 7 astronauts along with cargo to Low Earth Orbit.
Description

The Space Shuttle was a partially reusable LEO spacecraft system operated by the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as part of the Space Shuttle program. Its official program name was Space Transportation System (STS), taken from a 1969 plan for a system of reusable spacecraft of which it ...


Tesla Roadster

Active Cargo Crew Capacity: 2
SpaceX (SpX)
A car in space.
Description

The car, mounted on the rocket's second stage, acquired enough velocity to escape Earth's gravity and enter an elliptical heliocentric orbit crossing the orbit of Mars. The orbit reaches a maximum distance from the Sun at aphelion of 1.66 astronomical units (au). During the early portion of the voyage outside ...


Voskhod

In-active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 3
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) (RFSA)
Human Spaceflight
Description

The Voskhod (Russian: Восход, "Sunrise") was a spacecraft built by the Soviet Union's space program for human spaceflight as part of the Voskhod programme. It was a development of and a follow-on to the Vostok spacecraft. Two variants were created, the Voskhod 3KV which held three cosmonauts, and the Voskhod ...


Vostok-3KA

In-active Human Rated Crew Capacity: 1
Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) (RFSA)
Human spaceflight in LEO.
Description

The Vostok-3KA consisted of a spherical descent module, which housed the cosmonaut, instruments and escape system, and a conical instrument module, which contained propellant and the engine system. On reentry, the cosmonaut would eject from the craft at about 7,000 m (23,000 ft) and descend via parachute, while the capsule ...