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Soyuz 2.1a/Fregat-M | Meridian-M No.19L

Russian Space Forces | RUS
Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation
Feb. 20, 2020, 8:24 a.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Communications

Meridian is a series of communications satellite for military and civilian use.


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Long March 2D | XJS-C, XJS-D, XJS-E, XJS-F

China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation | CHN
Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China
Feb. 19, 2020, 9:07 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Earth Science

These are four experimental satellites which will be used mainly to test some Earth observation technologies.


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Ariane 5 ECA+ | JCSAT-17 & GEO-KOMPSAT-2B

Arianespace | FRA
Kourou, French Guiana
Feb. 18, 2020, 10:18 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Communications

JCSAT-17 is a Japanese communication satellite of SKY Perfect JSAT Corporation. Its payloads incorporate S-band, C-band and Ku-band transponders, which will provide satellite communication services. The S-band and C-band transponders will serve NTT DOCOMO, Inc., the largest telecommunications company in Japan, for its flexible mobile communications services in Japan and the surrounding region under IRU contract (Indefeasible Right of Use). SKY Perfect JSAT will support NTT DOCOMO’s satellite communication services. JCSAT-17 also includes a flexible processor that will allow SJC to redirect capacity to concentrate on disaster relief efforts or other high-volume events. The GEO-KOMPSAT-2 program is a national program of the Korean government to develop and operate two civilian geostationary satellites sharing the same satellite bus: GEO-KOMPSAT-2A for meteorological and space weather monitoring missions; and GEO-KOMPSAT-2B for Earth environment monitoring and ocean monitoring missions. The GEO-KOMPSAT 2 program also ensures the succession for the COMS program (Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite). The satellite carries two main payloads: GOCI II (Geostationary Ocean Color Imager II), provided by Airbus Defence and Space; and the GEMS (Geostationary Environment Monitoring Spectrometer), provided by Ball Aerospace & Technologies.


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Falcon 9 Block 5 | Starlink 4

SpaceX | USA
Cape Canaveral, FL, USA
Feb. 17, 2020, 3:05 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Communications

A batch of 60 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.

B1056 - Flight Proven ( ) Of Course I Still Love You
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Antares 230+ | Cygnus CRS NG-13 (S.S. Robert H. Lawrence.)

Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems | USA
Wallops Island, Virginia, USA
Feb. 15, 2020, 8:21 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Resupply

This is the 14th planned flight of the Orbital ATK's uncrewed resupply spacecraft Cygnus and its 13th flight to the International Space Station under the Commercial Resupply Services contract with NASA. Spacecraft carries the name of Robert Henry Lawrence Jr., honouring USA's first black astronaut.

Low Earth Orbit
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Atlas V 411 | Solar Orbiter

United Launch Alliance | USA
Cape Canaveral, FL, USA
Feb. 10, 2020, 4:03 a.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Heliophysics

Solar Orbiter is a joint ESA/NASA mission dedicated to solar and heliospheric physics. It will be used to examine how the Sun creates and controls the heliosphere, the vast bubble of charged particles blown by the solar wind into the interstellar medium. The spacecraft will combine in situ and remote sensing observations to gain new information about the solar wind, the heliospheric magnetic field, solar energetic particles, transient interplanetary disturbances and the Sun's magnetic field. Instruments include: * Solar Wind Analyser (SWA) * Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) * Magnetometer (MAG) * Radio and Plasma Wave analyser (RPW) * Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) * Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) * Spectral Imaging of the Coronal Environment (SPICE) * Spectrometer Telescope for Imaging X-rays (STIX) * Coronagraph (Metis) While mission is not intended to get as close to the Sun as Parker Solar Probe, it's designed to coordinate observations and has different set of instruments. Main mission starts after one and only Earth flyby in November 2021, and lasts until Dec 2026 when it enters extended phase. During the mission, Solar Orbiter will get through numerous Venus gravity assists, and its trajectory will be highly inclined allowing direct observations of Sun's poles.

Heliocentric N/A #SolO
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Simorgh | Zafar-1

Iranian Space Agency | IRN
Semnan Space Center, Islamic Republic of Iran
Feb. 9, 2020, 3:45 p.m.
Status: Failure
Mission: Earth Science

Zafar-1 is a small Earth observation satellite with reported ground resolution of 22.5 m. This is also a third attempt for Simorgh rocket to conduct a successful launch.


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H-IIA 202 | IGS Optical 7

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries | JPN
Tanegashima, Japan
Feb. 9, 2020, 1:34 a.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Government/Top Secret

Information Gathering Satellite (IGS) is a Japanese governmental spy satellite program. IGS Optical 7, as the name suggests, is an optical reconnaissance satellite. Japan began development of IGS in the late 1990s, following North Korea’s attempted satellite launch in 1998. Although the North Korean launch failed to reach orbit, the rocket carrying it crossed Japan during its ascent, sparking fears that North Korean missiles would be able to target the islands. With IGS, Japan aimed to develop an independent reconnaissance capability to monitor future threats. The constellation can also be used for disaster monitoring and other civilian applications by the Japanese government.

Sun-Synchronous Orbit
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Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M | OneWeb 2

Russian Space Forces | RUS
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan
Feb. 6, 2020, 9:42 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Communications

A batch of 34 satellites for the OneWeb satellite constellation, which is intended to provide global Interned broadband service for individual consumers. The constellation is planned to have around 648 microsatellites (of which 60 are spares), around 150 kg each, operating in Ku-band from low Earth orbit. Eventually it can be expanded to include extra 1260 satellites, for a total of 1908.

Polar Orbit
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Electron | NROL-151 (Birds of a Feather)

Rocket Lab Ltd | USA
Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand
Jan. 31, 2020, 2:56 a.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Government/Top Secret

This is a dedicated launch for the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). The contract was awarded under Rapid Acquisition of a Small Rocket (RASR) program.

Low Earth Orbit
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