Buran

In-active Human Rated Unknown Crew Capacity: 4 Payload Capacity: 30000 kg Height: 36.37 m

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) (RFSA)

Nov. 15, 1988

Autonomously carrying cargo and crew (never achieved) to Low Earth Orbit.

Flight Life

At least 15-20 days, but its only flight lasted only 206 minutes.

Description

The Buran programme was started by the Soviet Union as a response to the United States Space Shuttle programme. The project was the largest and the most expensive in the history of Soviet space exploration. Development work included sending BOR-5 test vehicles on multiple sub-orbital test flights, and atmospheric flights of the OK-GLI aerodynamic prototype. Buran completed one uncrewed orbital spaceflight in 1988, after which it was recovered successfully. Although the Buran class was similar in appearance to NASA's Space Shuttle orbiter, and could similarly operate as a re-entry spaceplane, its internal and functional design was distinct. For example, the main engines during launch were on the Energia rocket and were not taken into orbit by the spacecraft. Smaller rocket engines on the craft's body provided propulsion in orbit and de-orbital burns, similar to the Space Shuttle's OMS pods.

History

The Buran was a Soviet and later Russian reusable spacecraft that began development in 1974 at the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute in Moscow and was formally suspended in 1993.


Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Government
Administrator: Dmitry Rogozin
RFSA 1992

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.


Soyuz 2.1a
Success
14 hours, 11 minutes ago
Kosmos 2556 (Bars-M No. 3)
43/4 (43R) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Bars-M is the second incarnation of the Bars project, which was started in the mid 1990ies to develop a successor for the Komtea class of area survei…


Falcon 9
Success
1 day, 11 hours ago
Starlink Group 4-18
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
5 days, 1 hour ago
Starlink Group 4-15
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
6 days ago
Starlink Group 4-13
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Hyperbola-1
Failure
6 days, 15 hours ago
Jilin-1 Mofang-01A(R)
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

New generation experimental Earth imaging satellite for the Jilin-1 constellation. NOTE: Payload identity unconfirmed.


Long March 7
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Tianzhou-4
Wenchang - Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Third cargo delivery mission to the Chinese large modular space station.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Starlink Group 4-17
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 2D
Success
2 weeks ago
Jilin-1 Wideband-01C & High Resolution 03D-27 to 33
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

Earth observation satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellites constellation.


Electron
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
There and Back Again
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1A - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

Commercial rideshare mission including payloads for Alba Orbital, Astrix Astronautics, Aurora Propulsion Technologies, E-Space, Spaceflight Inc, Swar…


Long March 11
Success
2 weeks, 5 days ago
Jilin-1 Gaofen 03D-04 to 07 & 04A
Mobile launch platform - Sea Launch

Earth observation satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellites constellation.