Buran

In-active Human Rated Spaceplane Crew Capacity: 4 Payload Capacity: 30000 kg Height: 36.37 m

()

Nov. 15, 1988

Autonomously carrying cargo and crew (never achieved) to Low Earth Orbit.

Flight Life

At least 15-20 days, but its only flight lasted only 206 minutes.

Description

The Buran programme was started by the Soviet Union as a response to the United States Space Shuttle programme. The project was the largest and the most expensive in the history of Soviet space exploration. Development work included sending BOR-5 test vehicles on multiple sub-orbital test flights, and atmospheric flights of the OK-GLI aerodynamic prototype. Buran completed one uncrewed orbital spaceflight in 1988, after which it was recovered successfully. Although the Buran class was similar in appearance to NASA's Space Shuttle orbiter, and could similarly operate as a re-entry spaceplane, its internal and functional design was distinct. For example, the main engines during launch were on the Energia rocket and were not taken into orbit by the spacecraft. Smaller rocket engines on the craft's body provided propulsion in orbit and de-orbital burns, similar to the Space Shuttle's OMS pods.

History

The Buran was a Soviet and later Russian reusable spacecraft that began development in 1974 at the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute in Moscow and was formally suspended in 1993.



Falcon 9
Success
21 hours, 19 minutes ago
Starlink Group 6-59
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M
Success
2 days ago
Kosmos 2576
43/4 (43R) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Russian military payload of unknown purposes. Hitchhiking Payloads: SITRO-AIS 53-56; Zorkiy-2M-4 & 6


Falcon 9
Success
4 days, 3 hours ago
Starlink Group 8-7
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 20 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
5 days, 20 hours ago
Starlink Group 6-58
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 4C
Success
6 days, 22 hours ago
Shiyan 23
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Satellite officially named for "space environment detection" purposes, exact details unknown.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Starlink Group 8-2
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 20 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 3
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
ZHTW 1-01
Launch Complex 2 (LC-2) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Zhihui Tianwang 1-01 are 2 experimental Medium Earth Orbit communication satellites in a collaboration between Tsinghua University, SAST and the Shan…


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Starlink Group 6-56
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 6C
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
Maiden Flight
Launch Complex 9A - Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Carried 4 Earth observation satellites to orbit: * Haiwangxing-01, 239 kg X-band SAR satellite built by SAST for Zhihui Space Tech * Zhixing-1C, X-…


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Starlink Group 6-57
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.