Soyuz

Active Human Rated Unknown Crew Capacity: 3

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) (RFSA)

Nov. 28, 1966

Manned and Cargo ISS Logistics

Flight Life

200 Days

Description

Soyuz is a series of spacecraft designed for the Soviet space programme by the Korolyov Design Bureau (now RKK Energia) in the 1960s that remains in service today. The Soyuz succeeded the Voskhod spacecraft and was originally built as part of the Soviet Manned Lunar programme. nn The Soyuz spacecraft is launched on a Soyuz rocket, the most frequently used and most reliable launch vehicle in the world to date. The Soyuz rocket design is based on the Vostok launcher, which in turn was based on the 8K74 or R-7A Semyorka, a Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile. All Soyuz spacecraft are launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

History

The Soyuz TMA-M is an upgrade of the baseline Soyuz-TMA, using a new computer, digital interior displays, updated docking equipment and vehicle's total mass has been reduced by 70 kilograms. This new version debuted on 7 October 2010 with the launch of TMA-01M, carrying the ISS Expedition 25 crew. The Soyuz TMA-08M set a new record for the fastest manned docking into space station, event utilized the new 6-hour fast rendezvous instead of the previous Soyuz launches which had, since 1986, taken two days.


Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Government
Administrator: Dmitry Rogozin
RFSA 1992

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.


Falcon 9
Success
1 day, 15 hours ago
Starlink Group 4-15
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
2 days, 13 hours ago
Starlink Group 4-13
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Hyperbola-1
Failure
3 days, 4 hours ago
Jilin-1 Mofang-01A(R)
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

New generation experimental Earth imaging satellite for the Jilin-1 constellation. NOTE: Payload identity unconfirmed.


Long March 7
Success
6 days, 17 hours ago
Tianzhou-4
Wenchang - Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Third cargo delivery mission to the Chinese large modular space station.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Starlink Group 4-17
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 2D
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
Jilin-1 Wideband-01C & High Resolution 03D-27 to 33
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

Earth observation satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellites constellation.


Electron
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
There and Back Again
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1A - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

Commercial rideshare mission including payloads for Alba Orbital, Astrix Astronautics, Aurora Propulsion Technologies, E-Space, Spaceflight Inc, Swar…


Long March 11
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
Jilin-1 Gaofen 03D-04 to 07 & 04A
Mobile launch platform - Sea Launch

Earth observation satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellites constellation.


Falcon 9
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
Starlink Group 4-16
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Angara 1.2
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
Kosmos 2555 (MKA-R)
35/1 - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Russian military radar satellite.