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Elektro-L is a series of meteorological satellites developed for the Russian Federal Space Agency by NPO Lavochkin. They are designed to capture real-time images of clouds and the Earth’s underlying surface, heliogeophysical measurements, collection and translating hydrometeorological and service data.Geostationary Transfer Orbit
Gonets-M are an upgraded version of Gonets satellites, derived from military communications system Strela-3. Gonets-M constellation is tasked with monitoring ecological and industrial objects, providing communication and data transmission services, covering also the remote areas like the Far North region. Gonets-M satellites share the ride with the Blits-M microsatellite, which is a geodesic satellite tasked with determining precise orbit parameters for GLONASS satellites.Low Earth Orbit
Bars-M is the second incarnation of the Bars project, which was started in the mid 1990ies to develop a successor for the Komtea class of area surveillance satellites. The original Bars project was halted in the early 2000s. In 2007, TsSKB-Progress was contracted for Bars-M, for which reportedly the Yantar-based service module was replaced by a new developed advanced service module. The Bars-M satellites feature an electro-optical camera system called Karat, which is developed and built by the Leningrad Optical Mechanical Association (LOMO), and a dual laser altimeter instrument to deliver topographic imagery, stereo images, altimeter data and high-resolution images with a ground resolution around 1 meter.Sun-Synchronous Orbit
GSAT-20 is an Indian geostationary Ka-band high-throughput communications satellite. GSAT 20 is reportedly built on the I-6K unified modular bus and features a Ka-band high-throughput communications payload with 70 Gbps throughput utilizing multiple spot beams providing broadband services across the Indian region. It will be the first fully Electric Propulsion/EP enabled satellite which can be five to six times more efficient than chemical-based propulsion. It will be the first ISRO made satellite to move from Geostationary transfer orbit to Geosynchronous orbit using Electric Propulsion.Geostationary Transfer Orbit