SPHEREx & PUNCH

Overview

Destination: Polar Orbit
Mission: Astrophysics

Polar Orbit Space Launch Complex 4E Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

SPHEREx is a planned two-year astrophysics mission to survey the sky in the near-infrared light, which, though not visible to the human eye, serves as a powerful tool for answering cosmic questions involving the birth of the universe, and the subsequent development of galaxies. It also will search for water and organic molecules – essentials for life as we know it – in regions where stars are born from gas and dust, known as stellar nurseries, as well as disks around stars where new planets could be forming. Astronomers will use the mission to gather data on more than 300 million galaxies, as well as more than 100 million stars in our own Milky Way galaxy. NASA’s Polarimeter to Unify the Corona and Heliosphere (PUNCH) mission will share a ride to space with SPHEREx. It consists of four suitcase-sized satellites, which will focus on the Sun’s outer atmosphere (the corona) and how it generates the solar wind. The spacecraft also will track coronal mass ejections – large eruptions of solar material that can drive large space weather events near Earth – to better understand their evolution and develop new techniques for predicting such eruptions.

Updates

Nosu • Aug. 19, 2022, 7:13 a.m.

NET April 2025, adding rideshare payload


Nosu • June 24, 2022, 11:55 a.m.

NET February 2025



Falcon 9

Family: Falcon
Configuration: Block 5

Falcon 9 is a two-stage rocket designed and manufactured by SpaceX for the reliable and safe transport of satellites and the Dragon spacecraft into orbit. The Block 5 variant is the fifth major interval aimed at improving upon the ability for rapid reusability.

See Falcon Details
Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    2
  • Length
    70.0 m
  • Diameter
    3.65 m
  • Fairing Diameter
    5.2 m
  • Launch Mass
    549 T
  • Thrust
    7607 kN
Family
  • Name
    Falcon 9
  • Family
    Falcon
  • Variant
    Block 5
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Falcon 9 Block 5
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $52000000
  • Low Earth Orbit
    22800 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
    8300 kg
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

SpaceX

Circle Image
CEO: Elon Musk Founded: 2002 Successes: 197 Failures: 9 Pending: 81

Agency Type: Commercial

Space Exploration Technologies Corp., known as SpaceX, is an American aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. It was founded in 2002 by entrepreneur Elon Musk with the goal of reducing space transportation costs and enabling the colonization of Mars. SpaceX operates from many pads, on the East Coast of the US they operate from SLC-40 at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station and historic LC-39A at Kennedy Space Center. They also operate from SLC-4E at Vandenberg Space Force Base, California, usually for polar launches. Another launch site is being developed at Boca Chica, Texas.

INFO WIKI

Related News

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NASA heliophysics smallsats to share launch with astrophysics mission

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SpaceX to launch NASA astrophysics mission

SpaceX won a NASA contract Feb. 4 to launch a small astrophysics spacecraft, continuing the company’s string of similar agency contracts over the last two years.

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NASA Awards Launch Services Contract for SPHEREx Astrophysics Mission

NASA has selected Space Exploration Technologies (SpaceX) of Hawthorne, California, to provide launch services for the Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Reionization, and Ices Explorer (SPHEREx) mission.

Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

Space Launch Complex 4E


Soyuz 2.1b
Success
3 days, 7 hours ago
Kosmos 2565 (Lotos-S1 #7)
43/4 (43R) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Note: Payload identity uncertain. Multiple other military payloads that are not identified may be on board. Lotos-S1 spacecraft is a part of the L…


Long March 2
Success
4 days, 13 hours ago
Shenzhou 15
Launch Area 4 (SLS-1 / 921) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Fourth crewed flight to the Chinese large modular space station.


Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M
Success
5 days, 13 hours ago
Glonass-M No. 61 (Kosmos 2564)
43/3 (43L) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Glonass-M, also known as Uragan-M, are the second generation of Uragan satellite design used for GLONASS satellite navigation system. GLONASS is a Ru…


Long March 2D
Success
6 days, 16 hours ago
Yaogan 36 Group 03
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

3 Chinese military reconnaissance satellites.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week ago
Dragon CRS-2 SpX-26
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

26th commercial resupply services mission to the International Space Station operated by SpaceX. The flight will be conducted under the second Commer…


PSLV-XL
Success
1 week ago
EOS-6 (Oceansat-3) & rideshare
Satish Dhawan Space Centre First Launch Pad - Sriharikota, Republic of India

Oceansat-3 is a part of ISRO's Oceansat program. Its main purpose is ocean observation, which includes gathering ocean color data, sea surface temper…


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
Eutelsat 10B
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Eutelsat 10B is an all-electric geostationary communications satellite equipped with two multi-beam HTS Ku-band payloads able to provide a throughput…


Space Launch System (SLS)
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
Artemis I
Launch Complex 39B - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Artemis I (previously Exploration Mission 1) is the first flight on Space Launch System and the second flight of Orion crew spacecraft. Mission is pl…


Ceres-1
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
Jilin-1 High Resolution 03D-08, 51 to 54
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

5 new Earth observation satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellites constellation.


Long March 4C
Success
2 weeks, 5 days ago
Yaogan 34-03
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Officially described as an optical remote-sensing satellite built by SAST.