Ariane 44LP

In-active

Aérospatiale ()

June 15, 1988

Description

The Ariane 4 was an expendable space launch system, developed by the Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES), the French space agency, for the European Space Agency (ESA). It was manufactured by ArianeGroup and marketed by Arianespace. Since its first flight on 15 June 1988 until the final flight on 15 February 2003, it attained 113 successful launches out of 116 total launches.

Specifications
  • Stages
    2
  • Length
    58.4 m
  • Diameter
    3.8 m
  • Fairing Diameter
    3.8 m
  • Launch Mass
    420 T
  • Thrust
    5270 kN
Family
  • Name
    Ariane 44LP
  • Family
  • Variant
    44LP
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Ariane 44LP
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    8000 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
    4170 kg
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Aérospatiale

Government
None
1970

Aérospatiale was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites. It was originally known as Société nationale industrielle aérospatiale (SNIAS). Its head office was in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. The name was changed to Aérospatiale during 1970.

Ariane 44LP | DirecTV-4S

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Nov. 27, 2001, 12:35 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

It is the fifth Boeing satellite to be built for DirecTV. It was successfully launched on an Ariane-44LP H10-3 on 26 November 2001 and entered service on 27 December 2001.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Europe*Star 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 29, 2000, 5:59 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

The innovative Europe*Star 1 satellite has five high-performance beams covering Europe, Southern Africa, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and South East Asia.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Brasilsat B4 & Nilesat 102

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Aug. 17, 2000, 11:16 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Brazilian and Egyptian communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Superbird B2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 18, 2000, 1:04 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Japanese communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | GE 4

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Nov. 13, 1999, 10:54 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

GE-4, a hybrid C-/Ku-band satellite, serves North and South America from its orbital location at 101 degrees West. The A2100AX satellite is designed for a 15-year lifespan, but carries enough fuel to operate for a longer period of time.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Orion 2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 19, 1999, 6:22 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Built by Space Systems/Loral (SS/L), Orion 2 features 36 high-powered Ku-band transponders. It was launched into the orbital slot located at 15 degrees west longitude, where in-orbit testing will be conducted. Loral was in negotiations with Eutelsat, also a satellite services provider, to complete coordination of the Orion 2 satellite with the Eutelsat spacecraft in the region.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Telstar 7

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Sept. 25, 1999, 6:29 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

American communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | PAS 7

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Sept. 16, 1998, 6:31 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Three of the most powerful broadcast satellites ever launched that are capable of direct-to-home (DTH) service are providing DTH programming to millions of consumers of PanAmSat. They were designed and built by Space Systems/Loral (SS/L).

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Inmarsat-3 F5 & Brasilsat B3

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 4, 1998, 11:29 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Launched in 1996-8, the Inmarsat-3s were built by Lockheed Martin Astro Space (now Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space) of the USA, responsible for the basic spacecraft, and the European Matra Marconi Space (now Astrium), which developed the communications payload. Brazil's second generation of communications satellites are the result of joint engineering and manufacturing efforts in the United States and Brazil. The new spacecraft are called the Brasilsat B series, and are widebody, more powerful versions of Hughes Space and Communications Company's popular HS-376 model. EMBRATEL, Brazil's telecommunications company, signed a contract in August 1990 for two spacecraft. In December 1995, with those new satellites in orbit and rapidly filling with customers, EMBRATEL exercised an option for a third spacecraft. A fourth was ordered in June 1998.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Hot Bird 3 & Meteosat 7

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Sept. 2, 1997, 10:21 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Hot Bird 3 is a geostationary communications satellite. Meteosat 7 is an European meteorological satellite.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Thaicom 3 & BSat 1a

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
April 16, 1997, 11:08 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Thaicom 3 and BSat 1a are Thai and Japanese commmunications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | INTELSAT 707

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
March 14, 1996, 7:11 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | INTELSAT 706

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
May 17, 1995, 6:34 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Brasilsat B2 & Hotbird 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
March 28, 1995, 11:14 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Brasilsat B2 and Hotbird 1 are Brazilian and international communications satellites operating in geostationary orbit.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Brasilsat B1 & Türksat 1B

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Aug. 10, 1994, 11:05 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Brasilsat B1 is a second generation Brazilian communications satellite. Türksat B1 is a Turkish communications satellite.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | INTELSAT 702

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 17, 1994, 7:07 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Communications satellite operating from geostationary orbit.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Eutelsat 2 F5 & Türksat 1A

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Jan. 24, 1994, 9:37 p.m.
Status: Launch Failure
Mission:

Eutelsat 2 F5 and Türksat 1A are communications satellites operating in GEO.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Solidaridad 1 & Meteosat 6

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Nov. 20, 1993, 1:17 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

When the Mexican government planned the implementation of a second-generation satellite system, it turned again to Hughes Space and Communications Company. The new pair of spacecraft is called Solidaridad, signifying the way satellite telecommunications are uniting the urban and remote parts of the country with one another and the rest of the world. These replace the two Hughes-built Morelos satellites, the first of which was retired in 1994 after nine years' service. The Solidaridad contract was signed in May 1991. The spacecraft are operated by the government agency Telecomunicaciones de Mexico (Telecomm).

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | INTELSAT 701

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 22, 1993, 6:46 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

The nine high-powered Space Systems/Loral (SS/L) spacecraft of the Intelsat 7/7A program, which provide global dissemination of voice, video, and data transmission services, have been launched and are in orbit.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Hispasat 1A & Satcom C3

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Sept. 10, 1992, 11:04 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Hispasat 1A was the first satellite in the national system operated by the Spanish satellite communications operator Hispasat, for a dual civil/military mission, offering services to telecommunications operators and radio broadcasting both in Europe and North Africa and America. Satcom C3 was a second generation geostationary comsat built for RCA Americom.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Astra 1B & Meteosat 5

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
March 2, 1991, 11:36 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Astra 1B was the second of the Astra communications satellites launched and operated by SES (Société Européenne des Satellites). It was believed to have been launched in a faulty condition, and suffered a thruster failure early in its life, causing minor drift, meaning that it became permanently difficult to obtain a steady lock on the satellite. This was most notable on analogue transmissions where the picture would move from clear to carrying sparklies and back again.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Skynet 4C & Eutelsat-2 F1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Aug. 30, 1990, 10:46 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | TV-Sat 2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Aug. 8, 1989, 11:25 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

German geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | JCSAT 1 & Meteosat 4

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
March 6, 1989, 11:29 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications and meteorology satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Skynet 4B & Astra 1A

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 11, 1988, 12:33 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44LP | Meteosat 3

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 15, 1988, 11:19 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

European meteorological satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Falcon 9
Success
1 day ago
Starlink Group 6-63
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
2 days ago
Starlink Group 6-62
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
2 days, 19 hours ago
NROL-146
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

First batch of satellites for a reconnaissance satellite constellation built by SpaceX and Northrop Grumman for the National Reconnaissance Office to…


Kuaizhou-11
Success
3 days, 22 hours ago
Wuhan-1 and others
Launch Area 95A - Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Carried 4 satellites to SSO: * Wuhan-1 * Chutian 001 * Tianyan 22 * Lingque-3 01


Long March 2D
Success
4 days, 23 hours ago
Beijing 3C
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Commercial optical Earth observation constellation of 4 satellites for 21AT (Twenty First Century Aerospace Technology Company Ltd).