Ariane 44L

In-active

Aérospatiale ()

June 5, 1989

Description

The Ariane 4 was an expendable space launch system, developed by the Centre national d'études spatiales (CNES), the French space agency, for the European Space Agency (ESA). It was manufactured by ArianeGroup and marketed by Arianespace. Since its first flight on 15 June 1988 until the final flight on 15 February 2003, it attained 113 successful launches out of 116 total launches.

Specifications
  • Stages
    2
  • Length
    58.7 m
  • Diameter
    3.8 m
  • Fairing Diameter
    3.8 m
  • Launch Mass
    484 T
  • Thrust
    5395 kN
Family
  • Name
    Ariane 44L
  • Family
  • Variant
    44L
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Ariane 44L
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    10200 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
    4950 kg
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Aérospatiale

Government
None
1970

Aérospatiale was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites. It was originally known as Société nationale industrielle aérospatiale (SNIAS). Its head office was in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. The name was changed to Aérospatiale during 1970.

Ariane 44L | INTELSAT 907

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 15, 2003, 7 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Intelsat 907 (or IS-907) is a communications satellite operated by Intelsat.

Geostationary Transfer Orbit
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Ariane 44L | NSS 6

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 17, 2002, 11:04 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

he Dutch New Skies Satellites' NSS-6 telecommunications spacecraft was developed by Lockheed Martin Commercial Space Systems.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | INTELSAT 906

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Sept. 6, 2002, 6:44 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Intelsat 906 (or IS-906) is a communications satellite operated by Intelsat.

Geostationary Transfer Orbit
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Ariane 44L | INTELSAT 905

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 5, 2002, 6:44 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Intelsat 905 (or IS-905[1]) is a communications satellite operated by Intelsat.

Geostationary Transfer Orbit
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Ariane 44L | NSS 7

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
April 16, 2002, 11:02 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Ariane mission V150 placed Lockheed Martin A2100-class satellite NSS 7 satellite into orbit. The satellite was owned by New Skies, an Intelsat spinoff, and carried a C/Ku band telecoms payload.

Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit
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Ariane 44L | JCSAT 2A

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
March 29, 2002, 1:29 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Japanese domestic communications

Geosynchronous Orbit
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Ariane 44L | INTELSAT 904

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 23, 2002, 6:59 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Intelsat 904 (or IS-904[1]) is a communications satellite operated by Intelsat.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | INTELSAT 902

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Aug. 30, 2001, 6:46 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Intelsat 902 (IS-902) was the second of 9 new Intelsat satellites launched in August 2001 at 62°E. It will provide telecommunications and television broadcast to Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, the Far East and Australia through its 44 C band and 12 Ku band transponders.

Geostationary Transfer Orbit
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Ariane 44L | INTELSAT 901

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 9, 2001, 6:45 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Intelsat 901 (IS-901) was the first of 9 new Intelsat satellites launched in June 2001 at 342°E, providing Ku-band spot beam coverage for Europe and C-band coverage for the Atlantic Ocean region. It is capable of selectable split uplink for SNG, tailored for increased communications demands such as DTH and Internet.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | SICRAL 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 7, 2001, 11:05 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Sicral 1 is Italy’s satellite system for military communications.

Geosynchronous Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Anik F1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Nov. 21, 2000, 11:56 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Anik F1 is a Canadian communications satellite, which was ordered in March 1998. It is based on Boeing's BSS-702 model. The satellite carries 84 active transponders: 36 in C-band and 48 in Ku-band. The spacecraft provides general telecommunications services for North and South America. The satellite was designed for an end-of-life power of 16 kW. Anik F1 was launched in late 2000 on an Ariane-44L H10-3 rocket.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Galaxy 11

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 22, 1999, 12:50 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Galaxy 11 was the first BSS-702 satellite. It was ordered in May 1997 and was successfully launched in December 1999 on an Ariane 4 rocket from Kourou, French Guiana. Galaxy XI has a payload of 64 active transponders; 24 operate in C-band and 40 operate in Ku-band. The spacecraft was designed for an end-of-life power of more than 10 kW. The satellite provides service to North America and Brazil.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Arabsat 3A & Skynet 4E

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 26, 1999, 10:44 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Arabsat 3A and Skynet 4E are geostationary communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Afristar & GE 5

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 28, 1998, 10:15 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Eutelsat W2 & Sirius 3

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 5, 1998, 10:51 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

The W satellites are designed to provide telecommunications services primarily over Europe (Eutelsat W2, W3 and W5) and communication services over Russia and Africa (W4). W2, W3 and W5 are designed to offer 24 transponders at saturation and W4 is designed to provide 31 transponders at saturation. The W satellites have a minimum operational lifetime of 12 years. The spacecraft are based on the Spacebus-3000B2 platform. Sirius 3 provides direct-to-home television services to the Scandinavian region. Hughes upgraded NSAB's satellite control center at Esrange, Kiruna, and provided training to the satellite controllers. Sirius 3 was successfully launched on an Ariane-44L H10-3 on October 5, 1998. The satellite was built at the Integrated Satellite Factory of in El Segundo, Calif.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Sirius 2 & Indostar 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Nov. 12, 1997, 9:48 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Sirius 2 and Indostar 1 are Swedish and Indonesian communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | INMARSAT III F-4 & Insat 2D

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 3, 1997, 11:20 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

INMARSAT III F-4 and Insat 2D are communications satellites operating in geostationary orbit.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | GE 2 & Nahuel 1A

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Jan. 30, 1997, 10:04 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

GE 2 and Nahuel 1A are American and Argentinian communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Arabsat 2B & MEASAT 2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Nov. 13, 1996, 10:40 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Arabsat 2B and MEASAT 2 are Saudi Arabian and Malaysian communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Italsat F2 & Télécom 2D

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Aug. 8, 1996, 10:49 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Italsat F2 and Télécom 2D are Italian and French communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Arabsat IIA & Türksat 1C

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
July 9, 1996, 10:24 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Arabsat IIA and Türksat 1C are Saudi Arabian and Turkish communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Palapa C2 & AMOS 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
May 16, 1996, 1:56 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Palapa C2 and AMOS 1 are Indonesian and Israeli communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | PAS 3R & MEASAT 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Jan. 12, 1996, 11:10 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

In November 1991, PanAmSat Corporation ordered three Hughes HS-601 model PAS (PanAmSat) satellites from Hughes Space and Communications Company. The satellites provide video services for program distribution and syndication; data services for business applications; and services for video, radio, data and telephone transmission. They were placed over the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans, respectively. In August 1993, PanAmSat ordered a fourth satellite, to be used as a spare. The spare was pressed into service to replace the first PAS-3 spacecraft, which was lost during a launch vehicle failure. The MEASAT system will provide the first direct-to-user (DTU) service in Malaysia, as well as general communications services in an area reaching from India to Hawaii and from Japan to East Australia. Among DTU services are television and educational programs beamed to small (50-cm) home antennas. General regional communications services include telephony, television, data transmission, and business networks. Binariang is the first cellular operator in Malaysia to offer fully digital services.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Telecom 2C & Insat 2C

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 6, 1995, 11:23 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Telecom 2C and Insat 2C are French and Indian communications satellites operating in geostationary orbit.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Solidaridad 2 & Thaicom 2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 8, 1994, 1:07 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Mexican and Thai communications satellites operating in geostationary orbit.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | PAS 2 & BS 3n

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
July 8, 1994, 11:05 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

PAS 2 and BS 3n are American and Japanese communications satellites operating in geostationary orbit.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | DirecTV 1 & Thaicom 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 18, 1993, 1:27 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

DirecTV 1 is a high-powered satellites built by Hughes Space and Communications Company (HSC) which began bringing true direct broadcast satellite (DBS) service to homes throughout North America in 1994. Thaicom 1 is a Thai communications satellite.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Hispasat 1B & Insat 2B

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
July 22, 1993, 10:58 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Hispasat 1A and B were the first two satellites in the national system operated by the Spanish satellite communications operator Hispasat, for a dual civil/military mission, offering services to telecommunications operators and radio broadcasting both in Europe and North Africa and America. Hispasat 1A was launched in September 1992, and Hispasat 1B in July 1993. From its orbital position of 30 degrees West above the Atlantic and close to the Brazilian coast, this was the first European satellite system to provide transatlantic capacity, simultaneously covering all the Latin American countries and the United States, areas that have a great deal in common both culturally and linguistically.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Insat 2A & Eutelsat-2 F4

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
July 9, 1992, 10:42 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Insat 2A and Eutelsat-2 F4 are Indian and International communications satellites operating in GEO.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Télécom 2B & Inmarsat-2 F4

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
April 15, 1992, 11:25 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Télécom 2B and Inmarsat-2 F4 are French and International communications satellites operating in GEO.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Superbird B1 & Arabsat 1C

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 26, 1992, 11:58 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Superbird B1 and Arabsat 1C are Japanese and Saudi Arabian communications satellites.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Telecom 2A

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 16, 1991, 11:19 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

French communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Intelsat 601

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 29, 1991, 11:08 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Intelsat 605

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Aug. 14, 1991, 11:15 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Italsat 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Jan. 15, 1991, 11:10 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Italy's first operational communications satellite was launched 15 January 1991 by an Ariane-44L H10 booster. Developed by a contractor team led by Alenia Spazio, Italsat carries ten active transponders plus five spares for 30/20 GHz and 50/40 GHz links with a capacity of 12,000 telephone circuits.

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | SBS 6 & Galaxy 6

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 12, 1990, 10:58 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | TDF 2 & DFS-Kopernikus 2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
July 24, 1990, 10:25 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

French and German direct broadcasting satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Superbird B & BS 2x

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 22, 1990, 11:17 p.m.
Status: Launch Failure
Mission:

Japanese communications satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Intelsat 602

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 27, 1989, 11:05 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 44L | Superbird A & DFS-Kopernikus 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 5, 1989, 10:37 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Direct broadcasting geostationary satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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