Ariane 1

In-active

Aérospatiale ()

Dec. 24, 1979

Description

Ariane 1 was the first rocket in the Ariane family of expendable launch systems. It was developed and operated by the European Space Agency (ESA), which had been formed in 1973, the same year that development of the launch had commenced.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    50.0 m
  • Diameter
    3.8 m
  • Fairing Diameter
    3.8 m
  • Launch Mass
    207 T
  • Thrust
    2771 kN
Family
  • Name
    Ariane 1
  • Family
  • Variant
    1
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Ariane 1
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    1400 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
    1850 kg
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Aérospatiale

Government
None
1970

Aérospatiale was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites. It was originally known as Société nationale industrielle aérospatiale (SNIAS). Its head office was in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. The name was changed to Aérospatiale during 1970.

Ariane 1 | SPOT 1 & Viking

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Feb. 22, 1986, 1:44 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

SPOT 1 is a French Earth observation satellite. Viking is Sweden's first satellite.

Sun-Synchronous Orbit
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Ariane 1 | Giotto

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
July 2, 1985, 11:23 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Probe designed to flyby Comet 1P/Halley and Comet 26P/Grigg-Skjellerup

Asteroid
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Ariane 1 | Spacenet 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
May 23, 1984, 1:33 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 1 | Intelsat 508

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
March 5, 1984, 12:50 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 1 | Intelsat 507

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Oct. 19, 1983, 12:45 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 1 | ECS 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 16, 1983, 11:59 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 1 | Marecs B & Sirio 2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Sept. 9, 1982, 2:12 a.m.
Status: Launch Failure
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellites

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 1 | Marecs 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 20, 1981, 1:29 a.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Geostationary communications satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 1 | Meteosat 2

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
June 19, 1981, 12:32 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

European meteorological satellite

Geostationary Orbit
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Ariane 1 | Firewheel

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
May 23, 1980, 2:29 p.m.
Status: Launch Failure
Mission:

German magnetospheric research satellite

Elliptical Orbit
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Ariane 1 | CAT 1

Aérospatiale | France
Guiana Space Centre, French Guiana
Dec. 24, 1979, 5:14 p.m.
Status: Launch Successful
Mission:

Vehicle evaluation payload for the Ariane 1 launch vehicle

Elliptical Orbit
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