Vostok 3

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Vostok 3's mission goal was to test human body's ability to function in weightlessness and to test the Vostok 3KA spacecraft for longer flights. They also tested craft-to-craft communications by launching Vostok 4 a day after Vostok 3. Their trajectories brought them approximately 6.5 km from each other and cosmonauts were able to communicate via radio. This also marked the first time more than one crewed craft was orbiting earth at the same time. The spacecraft carried cosmonaut Andriyan Nikolayev to orbit where he orbited Earth 64 times before reentering. The mission lasted for 3 days 22 hours & 28 minutes.

Vostok

Family: R-7
Configuration: K

The Vostok-K was an expendable carrier rocket used by the Soviet Union for thirteen launches between 1960 and 1964, six of which were manned. The Vostok-K made its maiden flight on 22 December 1960, three weeks after the retirement of the Vostok-L. The third stage engine failed 425 seconds after launch, and the payload, a Korabl-Sputnik spacecraft, failed to reach orbit. The spacecraft was recovered after landing, and the two dogs aboard the spacecraft survived the flight. On 12 April 1961, a Vostok-K rocket was used to launch Vostok 1, the first manned spaceflight, which made Yuri Gagarin the first human to fly in space.

Specifications
  • Stages
    3
  • Length
    30.84 m
  • Diameter
    2.99 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    280 T
  • Thrust
    971 kN
Family
  • Name
    Vostok
  • Family
    R-7
  • Variant
    K
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Vostok-K
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    4725 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Vostok 3


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 1 Crew Capacity: 1 Payload Capacity: 4725 kg
Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Serial Number: Vostok-3KA No.5

Vostok 3 was a Vostok spacecraft which launched on 11 August 1962 08:24 UTC. It transported one cosmonaut to Low Earth Orbit. The crew was Andriyan Nikolayev.

Vostok-3KA Details

Crew


Andriyan Nikolayev

Pilot - Russian - (RFSA)

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Sept. 5, 1929
Date of Death: July 3, 2004

Soviet Space Program

Circle Image
Founded: 1931 Successes: 73 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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