Soviet Space Program

Vostok

Circle Image
Founded: 1931 Successes: 73 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

WIKI

Vostok-K | Sputnik 10

Vostok


Family: R-7
Configuration: K

The Vostok-K was an expendable carrier rocket used by the Soviet Union for thirteen launches between 1960 and 1964, six of which were manned. The Vostok-K made its maiden flight on 22 December 1960, three weeks after the retirement of the Vostok-L. The third stage engine failed 425 seconds after launch, and the payload, a Korabl-Sputnik spacecraft, failed to reach orbit. The spacecraft was recovered after landing, and the two dogs aboard the spacecraft survived the flight. On 12 April 1961, a Vostok-K rocket was used to launch Vostok 1, the first manned spaceflight, which made Yuri Gagarin the first human to fly in space.

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
4 days, 22 hours ago
Crew Dragon In-Flight Abort Test
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

When the Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket reaches Max-Q (maximum dynamic forces), the launch abort system of the Crew Dragon spacecraft will be triggered. ...


Ariane 5 ECA
Success
1 week ago
Eutelsat Konnect & GSAT-30
Ariane Launch Area 3 - Kourou, French Guiana

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Kuaizhou
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Kuaizhou
Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Long March 2D
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
Long March 2D
Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

Long March 3
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
TJS-5 (TJSW-5)
Unknown - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

TJS-5 is a geostationary communications satellite. It offers satellite communication, television and broadcasting services, while also verifying h...


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
Starlink 2
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 60 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 5
Success
4 weeks ago
Shijian 20
Wenchang - Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Shijian 20 is an experimental geostationary communications satellite. This is also a return-to-flight launch for Long March 5 after a July 2017 fai...


Rokot / Briz-KM
Success
4 weeks ago
Gonets-M24, Gonets-M25, Gonets-M26 & Blits-M
133/3 (133L) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

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Proton-M
Success
1 month ago
Elektro-L No.3
81/24 (81P) - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Elektro-L is a series of meteorological satellites developed for the Russian Federal Space Agency by NPO Lavochkin. They are designed to capture re...


Atlas V N22
Success
1 month ago
CST-100 Starliner Orbital Flight Test (Uncrewed)
Space Launch Complex 41 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

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