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STS-77

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Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission:

Low Earth Orbit Launch Complex 39B Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

STS-77 was the 77th Space Shuttle mission and the 11th mission of the Space Shuttle Endeavour. The mission began from launch pad 39B from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on 19 May 1996 lasting 10 days and 40 minutes and completing 161 revolutions before landing on runway 33.

Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105

Family: Space Shuttle
Configuration: OV-105

Space Shuttle Endeavour (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-105) is a retired orbiter from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the fifth and final operational Shuttle built. The United States Congress approved the construction of Endeavour in 1987 to replace Challenger, which was destroyed in 1986. Structural spares built during the construction of Discovery and Atlantis were used in its assembly. NASA chose, on cost grounds, to build Endeavour from spares rather than refitting Enterprise or accepting a Rockwell International proposal to build two Shuttles for the price of one.

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    38.1 m
  • Diameter
    8.4 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    2040 T
  • Thrust
    28200 kN
Family
  • Name
    Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105
  • Family
    Space Shuttle
  • Variant
    OV-105
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Space Shuttle Endeavour OV-105
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $450000000
  • Low Earth Orbit
    24400 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Space Shuttle Endeavour


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 6 Crew Capacity: 7 Payload Capacity: 27500 kg
Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Serial Number: OV-105

Space Shuttle Endeavour (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-105) is a retired orbiter from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the fifth and final operational shuttle built. It embarked on its first mission, STS-49, in May 1992 and its 25th and final mission, STS-134, in May 2011. STS-134 was expected to be the final mission of the Space Shuttle program, but with the authorization of STS-135, Atlantis became the last shuttle to fly. The United States Congress approved the construction of Endeavour in 1987 to replace Challenger, which was lost in 1986. Structural spares built during the construction of Discovery and Atlantis were used in its assembly. NASA chose, on cost grounds, to build Endeavour from spares rather than refitting Enterprise.

Space Shuttle Details

Crew


Mario Runco Jr.

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Jan. 26, 1952
Age: 71

Curtis Brown

Pilot - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: March 11, 1956
Age: 67

John Casper

Commander - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: July 9, 1943
Age: 79

Daniel W. Bursch

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: July 25, 1957
Age: 65

Andy Thomas

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Dec. 18, 1951
Age: 71

Marc Garneau

Mission Specialist - Canadian - ( CSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Feb. 23, 1949
Age: 74

Lockheed Martin Space Operations

Lockheed Martin Space Operations

(LMSO)

Successes: 9 Failures: 0 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Commercial

INFO

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Launch Complex 39B


Falcon 9
Success
3 days, 13 hours ago
Starlink Group 5-5
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 56 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Electron
Success
3 days, 20 hours ago
The Beat Goes On
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1B - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

Payload consists of 2 second generation Earth-imaging satellites for BlackSky. They are part of a constellation of 60 Low Earth Orbit Earth imagin…


Soyuz 2.1a
Success
4 days, 23 hours ago
Kosmos 2567 (Bars-M No. 4)
43/3 (43L) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Note: Payload identity uncertain. Bars-M is the second incarnation of the Bars project, which was started in the mid 1990ies to develop a success…


Terran 1
Failure
5 days, 2 hours ago
Good Luck, Have Fun (Maiden Flight)
Launch Complex 16 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Maiden launch of the Terran 1 rocket developed by Relativity Space.


Kuaizhou
Success
5 days, 20 hours ago
Tianmu-1 03-06
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Small meteorology research satellites using GNSS radio occultation by CASIC subsidiary Xiyong Microelectronics Park. 01 & 02 were launched on Gala…


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
SES-18 & SES-19
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

SES-18 & SES-19 are two communications satellites built by Northrop Grumman.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Starlink Group 2-8
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 52 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 3
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Gaofen 13-02
Launch Complex 2 (LC-2) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Gaofen is a series of civilian Earth observation satellites developed and launched for the China High-definition Earth Observation System (CHEOS), a …


Electron
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
Stronger Together
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 2 (Launch Area 0 C) - Wallops Island, Virginia, USA

Payload consists of 2 Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellites for Capella Space. These 100-kg class satellites will expand Capella’s existing SA…


Long March 11
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Shiyan 19
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Chinese Earth observation satellite of unknown purposes.