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Additional Media

ABC & NBC News Coverage of STS-8 Part 3

From August 30th 1983 ABC & NBC News Covers the 8th Space Shuttle Launch. Reporting From the Kennedy Space Center : Lynn Sherr and Astonaut Gene Cernan. The ...

STS-8

Circle Image

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Communications

Low Earth Orbit Launch Complex 39A Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

STS-8 was the third mission of Space Shuttle Challenger. It deployed an Indian 10 and Weather satellite. It was the first night launch and night landing of the Shuttle program. It also carried the first African-American astronaut; Guion Bluford.

Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099

Family: Space Shuttle
Configuration: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service following Columbia. Its maiden flight, STS-6, started on April 4, 1983. It launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia in 2003.

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    38.1 m
  • Diameter
    8.4 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    2040 T
  • Thrust
    28200 kN
Family
  • Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
  • Family
    Space Shuttle
  • Variant
    OV-099
  • Alias
    Challenger
  • Full Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $450000000
  • Low Earth Orbit
    24400 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Space Shuttle Challenger


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 5 Crew Capacity: 7 Payload Capacity: 27500 kg
Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Serial Number: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service, after Columbia. Challenger was built by Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division, in Downey, California. Its maiden flight, STS-6, began on April 4, 1983. The orbiter was launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia, in 2003. The accident led to a two-and-a-half-year grounding of the shuttle fleet; flights resumed in 1988, with STS-26 flown by Discovery. Challenger was replaced by Endeavour, which was built from structural spares ordered by NASA in the construction contracts for Discovery and Atlantis.

Space Shuttle Details

Crew


Richard H. Truly

Commander - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Nov. 12, 1937
Age: 84

Daniel Brandenstein

Pilot - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Jan. 17, 1943
Age: 79

Guion Bluford

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Nov. 22, 1942
Age: 79

Dale Gardner

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Nov. 8, 1948
Date of Death: Feb. 19, 2014

William E. Thornton

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: April 14, 1929
Date of Death: Jan. 14, 2020

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Lockheed Space Operations Company

(LSOC)

Successes: 9 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Commercial

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Launch Complex 39A


Falcon 9
Success
23 hours, 49 minutes ago
Transporter 5 (Dedicated SSO Rideshare)
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Transporter 5 mission is a dedicated rideshare flight to a sun-synchronous orbit with 59 cubeSats, microsats, non-deploying hosted payloads, and orbi…


Long March 2C/YZ-1S
Success
6 days, 7 hours ago
RSW-04 - 06
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

"Ronghe Shiyan Weixing" (RSW) = "Integrated Experimental Satellite" are test satellites that will be used to develop a state-owned Chinese low-earth …


Atlas V N22
Success
6 days, 19 hours ago
CST-100 Starliner Orbital Flight Test 2 (OFT-2)
Space Launch Complex 41 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

This is the second uncrewed test flight for the Starliner spacecraft. Reflight of the OFT mission will allow Boeing to demonstrate readiness of the s…


Soyuz 2.1a
Success
1 week ago
Kosmos 2556 (Bars-M No. 3)
43/4 (43R) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Bars-M is the second incarnation of the Bars project, which was started in the mid 1990ies to develop a successor for the Komtea class of area survei…


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Starlink Group 4-18
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
Starlink Group 4-15
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Starlink Group 4-13
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Hyperbola-1
Failure
1 week, 6 days ago
Jilin-1 Mofang-01A(R)
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

New generation experimental Earth imaging satellite for the Jilin-1 constellation. NOTE: Payload identity unconfirmed.


Long March 7
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
Tianzhou-4
Wenchang - Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Third cargo delivery mission to the Chinese large modular space station.


Falcon 9
Success
2 weeks, 6 days ago
Starlink Group 4-17
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 53 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.