STS-8

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Communications

Low Earth Orbit Launch Complex 39A Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

STS-8 was the third mission of Space Shuttle Challenger. It deployed an Indian 10 and Weather satellite. It was the first night launch and night landing of the Shuttle program. It also carried the first African-American astronaut; Guion Bluford.

Watch the Launch

Additional Media

ABC & NBC News Coverage of STS-8 Part 3

From August 30th 1983 ABC & NBC News Covers the 8th Space Shuttle Launch. Reporting From the Kennedy Space Center : Lynn Sherr and Astonaut Gene Cernan. The ...

Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099

Family: Space Shuttle
Configuration: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service following Columbia. Its maiden flight, STS-6, started on April 4, 1983. It launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia in 2003.

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    38.1 m
  • Diameter
    8.4 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    2040 T
  • Thrust
    28200 kN
Family
  • Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
  • Family
    Space Shuttle
  • Variant
    OV-099
  • Alias
    Challenger
  • Full Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $450,000,000
  • Low Earth Orbit
    24400 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Space Shuttle Challenger


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 5 Crew Capacity: 7 Payload Capacity: 27500 kg
Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Serial Number: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service, after Columbia. Challenger was built by Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division, in Downey, California. Its maiden flight, STS-6, began on April 4, 1983. The orbiter was launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia, in 2003. The accident led to a two-and-a-half-year grounding of the shuttle fleet; flights resumed in 1988, with STS-26 flown by Discovery. Challenger was replaced by Endeavour, which was built from structural spares ordered by NASA in the construction contracts for Discovery and Atlantis.

Space Shuttle Details

Crew


Richard H. Truly

Commander - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Nov. 12, 1937
Age: 82

Daniel Brandenstein

Pilot - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Jan. 17, 1943
Age: 77

Guion Bluford

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Nov. 22, 1942
Age: 77

Dale Gardner

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Nov. 8, 1948
Date of Death: Feb. 19, 2014

William E. Thornton

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: April 14, 1929
Age: 91

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Lockheed Space Operations Company

(LSOC)

Successes: 9 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Commercial

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Pad: Launch Complex 39A


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