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STS-51-L

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Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit Launch Complex 39B Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

The tenth mission for Challenger, STS-51-L was scheduled to deploy the second in a series of Tracking and Data Relay Satellites, carry out the first flight of the Shuttle-Pointed Tool for Astronomy (SPARTAN-203) / Halley's Comet Experiment Deployable in order to observe Halley's Comet, and carry out several lessons from space as part of the Teacher in Space Project and Shuttle Student Involvement Program (SSIP).

Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099

Family: Space Shuttle
Configuration: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service following Columbia. Its maiden flight, STS-6, started on April 4, 1983. It launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia in 2003.

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    38.1 m
  • Diameter
    8.4 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    2040 T
  • Thrust
    28200 kN
Family
  • Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
  • Family
    Space Shuttle
  • Variant
    OV-099
  • Alias
    Challenger
  • Full Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $450000000
  • Low Earth Orbit
    24400 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Space Shuttle Challenger


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 7 Crew Capacity: 7 Payload Capacity: 27500 kg
Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Serial Number: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service, after Columbia. Challenger was built by Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division, in Downey, California. Its maiden flight, STS-6, began on April 4, 1983. The orbiter was launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia, in 2003. The accident led to a two-and-a-half-year grounding of the shuttle fleet; flights resumed in 1988, with STS-26 flown by Discovery. Challenger was replaced by Endeavour, which was built from structural spares ordered by NASA in the construction contracts for Discovery and Atlantis.

Space Shuttle Details

Crew


Dick Scobee

Commander - American - ( NASA )

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: May 19, 1939
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Michael J. Smith

Pilot - American - ( NASA )

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: April 30, 1945
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Gregory Jarvis

Payload Specialist - American - ( HAC )

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: Aug. 24, 1944
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Christa McAuliffe

Payload Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: Sept. 2, 1948
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Ronald McNair

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: Oct. 21, 1950
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Judith Resnik

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: April 5, 1949
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Ellison Onizuka

Mission Specialist - American - ( NASA )

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: June 24, 1946
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Lockheed Space Operations Company

(LSOC)

Successes: 9 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Commercial

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Launch Complex 39B


Falcon 9
Success
2 days, 9 hours ago
Starlink Group 3-3
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 46 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 6
Success
5 days, 2 hours ago
Jilin-1 High Resolution 03D-09, 35 to 43 & Infrared A01 to 06
Launch Complex 16 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

16 new Earth observation satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellites constellation.


Falcon 9
Success
5 days, 5 hours ago
Starlink Group 4-26
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 52 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M
Success
6 days, 1 hour ago
Khayyam & rideshare
31/6 - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Khayyam, also known as Project 505, is a Russian built Earth observation satellite for Iran. The satellite is built by VNIIEM and NPK Barl on a curre…


Ceres-1
Success
6 days, 3 hours ago
Taijing-1-01 & 02
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Two commercial Earth observation satellites built by Minospace.


SSLV
Failure
1 week, 1 day ago
SSLV Demo 1
Satish Dhawan Space Centre First Launch Pad - Sriharikota, Republic of India

First test flight of Indian SSLV (Small Satellite Launch Vehicle).


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Danuri (KPLO - Korean Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter)
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Lunar orbiter designed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) to demonstrate technologies, survey lunar resources and produce a topographic…


Long March 2F
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Chinese Reusable Space Vehicle
Launch Area 4 (SLS-1 / 921) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Note: Launch time is approximate. Probable reflight of the Chinese spaceplane capable of returning to Earth, which flew in orbit September 4 - 6, …


New Shepard
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
NS-22
West Texas Suborbital Launch Site/ Corn Ranch - Corn Ranch, USA

NS-22 is the sixth crewed New Shepard flight, carrying six passengers.


Atlas V 421
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
SBIRS GEO-6
Space Launch Complex 41 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Sixth geosynchronous satellite of the Space Based Infrared System program (SBIRS), providing capabilities for early missile warning and missile defen…