Watch the Launch

STS-41-B

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Communications

Low Earth Orbit Launch Complex 39A Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

STS-41-B was the tenth Space Shuttle mission and the fourth of the Space Shuttle Challenger. It deployed 2 communication satellites and inluded the first untethered spacewalk. It was also the first shuttle mission to land at Kennedy Space Center.

Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099

Family: Space Shuttle
Configuration: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service following Columbia. Its maiden flight, STS-6, started on April 4, 1983. It launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia in 2003.

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    38.1 m
  • Diameter
    8.4 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    2040 T
  • Thrust
    28200 kN
Family
  • Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
  • Family
    Space Shuttle
  • Variant
    OV-099
  • Alias
    Challenger
  • Full Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $450,000,000
  • Low Earth Orbit
    24400 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Space Shuttle Challenger


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 5 Crew Capacity: 7 Payload Capacity: 27500 kg
Destination: None
Serial Number: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service, after Columbia. Challenger was built by Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division, in Downey, California. Its maiden flight, STS-6, began on April 4, 1983. The orbiter was launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia, in 2003. The accident led to a two-and-a-half-year grounding of the shuttle fleet; flights resumed in 1988, with STS-26 flown by Discovery. Challenger was replaced by Endeavour, which was built from structural spares ordered by NASA in the construction contracts for Discovery and Atlantis.

Space Shuttle Details

Crew


Vance D. Brand

Commander - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: May 9, 1931
Age: 90

Robert L. Gibson

Pilot - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Oct. 30, 1946
Age: 74

Bruce McCandless II

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: June 8, 1937
Date of Death: Dec. 21, 2017

Robert L. Stewart

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: May 10, 1942
Age: 79

Ronald McNair

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: Oct. 21, 1950
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Lockheed Space Operations Company

(LSOC)

Successes: 9 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Commercial

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Launch Complex 39A


Long March 2
Success
5 days, 5 hours ago
Yaogan-30-09
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

The Yaogan-30 is a series of military remote sensing satellites which are launched in triplets. The satellites are spaced by 120° in their orbit.


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
5 days, 20 hours ago
GPS III SV05
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

GPS-IIIA (Global Positioning System) is the first evolution stage of the third generation of the GPS satellites. It consists of the first ten (known …


Long March 2F
Success
6 days, 10 hours ago
Shenzhou 12
Launch Area 4 (SLS-1 / 921) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

First crewed flight to the Chinese large modular space station.


Minotaur I
Success
1 week ago
NROL-111
Launch Area 0 B - Wallops Island, Virginia, USA

Classified payload for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.


Pegasus XL
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Odyssey (TacRL-2)
Vandenberg Space Force Base - Air launch to orbit

Payload for the US Space Force’s Tactically Responsive Launch program. It is a space domain awareness satellite that was procured under the Space For…


Simorgh
Failure
1 week, 4 days ago
Unknown
Imam Khomeini Spaceport - Semnan Space Center, Islamic Republic of Iran

According to U.S. Space Command, Iran suffered a rocket launch failure early on June 12th. While there are no details available as to which rocket wa…


Long March 2D
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Beijing-3
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

0.5 m resolution Earth observation satellite for Twenty First Century Aerospace Technology Company Ltd.


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
SXM-8
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

SXM-8 is a large high power broadcasting satellite for SiriusXM's digital audio radio service (DARS). Space Systems/Loral (SS/L) got in July 2016 …


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
2 weeks, 5 days ago
Dragon CRS-2 SpX-22
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

SpaceX will launch the second cargo variant of its Dragon 2 spacecraft on their 22nd commercial resupply services mission to the International Space …


Long March 3
Success
2 weeks, 6 days ago
Fengyun-4B
Launch Complex 2 (LC-2) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

China's geostationary meteorological satellite program FY-4 (Feng Yun 4) is the second generation of chinese geostationary meteorological satellites.