STS-41-B

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Communications

Low Earth Orbit Launch Complex 39A Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

STS-41-B was the tenth Space Shuttle mission and the fourth of the Space Shuttle Challenger. It deployed 2 communication satellites and inluded the first untethered spacewalk. It was also the first shuttle mission to land at Kennedy Space Center.

Watch the Launch

Additional Media

Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099

Family: Space Shuttle
Configuration: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service following Columbia. Its maiden flight, STS-6, started on April 4, 1983. It launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia in 2003.

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    38.1 m
  • Diameter
    8.4 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    2040 T
  • Thrust
    28200 kN
Family
  • Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
  • Family
    Space Shuttle
  • Variant
    OV-099
  • Alias
    Challenger
  • Full Name
    Space Shuttle Challenger OV-099
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $450,000,000
  • Low Earth Orbit
    24400 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Space Shuttle Challenger


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 5 Crew Capacity: 7 Payload Capacity: 27500 kg
Destination: None
Serial Number: OV-099

Space Shuttle Challenger (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was the second orbiter of NASA's space shuttle program to be put into service, after Columbia. Challenger was built by Rockwell International's Space Transportation Systems Division, in Downey, California. Its maiden flight, STS-6, began on April 4, 1983. The orbiter was launched and landed nine times before breaking apart 73 seconds into its tenth mission, STS-51-L, on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members, including a civilian school teacher. It was the first of two shuttles to be destroyed in flight, the other being Columbia, in 2003. The accident led to a two-and-a-half-year grounding of the shuttle fleet; flights resumed in 1988, with STS-26 flown by Discovery. Challenger was replaced by Endeavour, which was built from structural spares ordered by NASA in the construction contracts for Discovery and Atlantis.

Space Shuttle Details

Crew


Vance D. Brand

Commander - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: May 9, 1931
Age: 88

Robert L. Gibson

Pilot - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Oct. 30, 1946
Age: 73

Bruce McCandless II

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: June 8, 1937
Date of Death: Dec. 21, 2017

Robert L. Stewart

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: May 10, 1942
Age: 77

Ronald McNair

Mission Specialist - American - (NASA)

Status: Lost In Flight

Date of Birth: Oct. 21, 1950
Date of Death: Jan. 28, 1986

Lockheed Space Operations Company

Lockheed Space Operations Company

(LSOC)

Successes: 9 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Commercial

Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

Pad: Launch Complex 39A


Atlas V 551
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
AEHF-6
Space Launch Complex 41 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

This is the sixth and final satellite in the Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) system, which is a series of communications satellites operat...


Long March 2
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Yaogan-30-06
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

The Yaogan 30-01-01 to 30-01-03 (Remote Sensing Satellite-30-01-01 to 30-01-03) satellites, were launched by CZ-2C rocket from China's Xichang spac...


Soyuz 2.1B
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
OneWeb 3
31/6 - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

A batch of 34 satellites for the OneWeb satellite constellation, which is intended to provide global Interned broadband service for individual cons...


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
2 weeks, 5 days ago
Starlink 5
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 60 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Soyuz 2.1B
Success
3 weeks ago
Glonass-M No. 60
43/4 (43R) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Glonass-M, also known as Uragan-M, are the second generation of Uragan satellite design used for GLONASS satellite navigation system. GLONASS is a ...


Long March 7A
Failure
3 weeks ago
Maiden Flight
Wenchang - Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

This is the first flight of the Long March 7A which is a new configuration of the Long March 7 launch vehicle. The difference is that 7A variant in...


Long March 3
Success
4 weeks ago
Beidou-3 G2
Launch Complex 2 (LC-2) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

This satellite is a part of the geostationary component of the 3rd phase of the Chinese Beidou (Compass) satellite navigation system. It features a...


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
1 month ago
SpX CRS-20
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

SpaceX will launch the Dragon spacecraft on their 20th operational cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station. The flight is being c...


Soyuz 2.1A Fregat-M
Success
1 month, 2 weeks ago
Meridian-M No.19L
43/3 (43L) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Meridian is a series of communications satellite for military and civilian use.


Long March 2D
Success
1 month, 2 weeks ago
XJS-C, XJS-D, XJS-E, XJS-F
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

These are four experimental satellites which will be used mainly to test some Earth observation technologies.