Soyuz TM-3

Circle Image

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz TM-3 was the third mission to Mir space station. The mission began on July 22, 1987, 01:59:17 UTC, launching Commander Alexander Viktorenko, Flight Engineer Aleksandr Aleksandrov and Research Cosmonaut Muhammed Faris, the first Syrian cosmonaut, into orbit. They docked with Mir two days later. During their stay there, crew conducted Earth observation, medical and other scientific experiments. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on July 30, 1987, 01:04:12 UTC.

Soyuz-U

Family:
Configuration: 2

The Soyuz-U2 was a Soviet, later Russian, carrier rocket. It was derived from the Soyuz-U, and a member of the R-7 family of rockets. It featured increased performance compared with the baseline Soyuz-U, due to the use of syntin propellant, as opposed to RP-1 paraffin, used on the Soyuz-U.

Specifications
  • Stages
    2
  • Length
    34.54 m
  • Diameter
    2.95 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    298 T
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz-U
  • Family
  • Variant
    2
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz-U2
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    7050 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz TM-3


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 3 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Mir
Serial Number: Soyuz TM 11F732A51 #53

Soyuz TM-3 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 22 July 1987 01:59 UTC. It transported one member of Expedition 2, and two cosmonauts on a short stay to Mir. The Expedition 2 member was Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov. The other cosmonauts were Alexander Viktorenko and Muhammed Faris.

Soyuz TM Details

Crew


Aleksandr Viktorenko

Commander - configurations.Country.None - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: March 29, 1947
Date of Death: Aug. 10, 2023

Muhammed Faris

Research Cosmonaut - configurations.Country.None - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: May 26, 1951
Age: 73

Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov

Flight Engineer - configurations.Country.None - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Feb. 20, 1943
Age: 81

Soviet Space Program

Soviet Space Program

(CCCP)

Founded: 1931 Successes: 2285 Failures: 168 Pending: 0

Agency Type:

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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