Soyuz TM-21

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz TM-21 was the 21st mission and the 18th long-duration expedition to Mir space station. It was also a part of the US/Russian Shuttle-Mir Program. The mission began on March 14, 1995, 06:11:34 UTC, launching Commander Vladimir Dezhurov, Flight Engineer Gennady Strekalov and Research Cosmonaut Norman Thagard (who became the first American to ride the Soyuz) into orbit. They docked with Mir two days later. During their stay there, cosmonauts performed several EVAs to prepare for the docking of the new Spektr module. Station crew was visited by several Progress resupply spacecrafts, and welcomed aboard the STS-71 with the 19th expedition crew. Crews exchanged vehicles, and members of the 18th expedition returned aboard STS-71, landing safely back on Earth on 7 July 1995, 14:55:28 UTC. Soyuz TM-21 brought back the 19th expedition later on September 11, 1995, 06:52:40 UTC.

Soyuz-U

Family: Soyuz-U
Configuration: 2

The Soyuz-U2 was a Soviet, later Russian, carrier rocket. It was derived from the Soyuz-U, and a member of the R-7 family of rockets. It featured increased performance compared with the baseline Soyuz-U, due to the use of syntin propellant, as opposed to RP-1 paraffin, used on the Soyuz-U.

Specifications
  • Stages
    2
  • Length
    34.54 m
  • Diameter
    2.95 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    298 T
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz-U
  • Family
    Soyuz-U
  • Variant
    2
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz-U2
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    7050 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz TM-21


Active Human Rated Crew On-board: 3 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Mir
Serial Number: Soyuz TM 11F732A51 #70

Soyuz TM-21 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 14 March 1995 06:11 UTC. It transported two members of the Expedition 19 crew and one American astronaut to Mir. The Expedition 18 crew consisted of Vladimir Dezhurov and Gennady Strekalov. The American astronaut was Norman Thagard. It marked the fist time an american launched on board a Russian vehicle.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Vladimir Dezhurov

Commander - Russian - (RFSA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: July 30, 1962
Age: 58

Gennadi Strekalov

Flight Engineer - Russian - (RFSA)

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Oct. 26, 1940
Date of Death: Dec. 25, 2004

Norman E. Thagard

Research Cosmonaut - American - (NASA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: July 3, 1943
Age: 77

Soviet Space Program

Circle Image
Founded: 1931 Successes: 73 Failures: 1 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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