Soyuz TM-18

Circle Image

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz TM-18 was the 18th mission and the 15th long-duration expedition to Mir space station. The mission began on January 8, 1994, 10:05:34 UTC, launching Commander Viktor Afanasyev, Flight Engineer Yury Usachov and Research Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov into orbit. They docked with Mir two days later. During their stay there, cosmonauts carried out various scientific experiments in medicine, material sciences, astrophysics etc. Station crew was visited by several Progress resupply spacecrafts, and welcomed aboard the Soyuz TM-19 crew. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on July 9, 1994, 10:32:35 UTC.

Soyuz-U

Family: Soyuz-U
Configuration: 2

The Soyuz-U2 was a Soviet, later Russian, carrier rocket. It was derived from the Soyuz-U, and a member of the R-7 family of rockets. It featured increased performance compared with the baseline Soyuz-U, due to the use of syntin propellant, as opposed to RP-1 paraffin, used on the Soyuz-U.

Specifications
  • Stages
    2
  • Length
    34.54 m
  • Diameter
    2.95 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    298 T
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz-U
  • Family
    Soyuz-U
  • Variant
    2
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz-U2
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    7050 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz TM-18


Active Human Rated Crew On-board: 3 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Mir
Serial Number: Soyuz TM 11F732A51 #67

Soyuz TM-18 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 8 January 1994 10:05 UTC. It transported three members of the Expedition 15 crew to Mir. The crew consisted of Viktor Afanasyev, Yury Usachov, and Valeri Polyakov.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Viktor Afanasyev

Commander - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Dec. 31, 1948
Age: 74

Valeri Polyakov

Research Cosmonaut - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: April 27, 1942
Date of Death: Sept. 19, 2022

Yury Usachov

Flight Engineer - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Oct. 9, 1957
Age: 65

Soviet Space Program

Circle Image
Founded: 1931 Successes: 2285 Failures: 168 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1/5


Falcon 9
Success
3 days, 5 hours ago
Starlink Group 5-2
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 56 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


H-IIA 202
Success
3 days, 13 hours ago
IGS Radar-7
Yoshinobu Launch Complex - Tanegashima, Japan

The IGS-Radar 7 is a Japanese radar reconnaissance satellite. The satellite is operated by the Cabinet Satellite Information Center. The satellite se…


Electron
Success
4 days, 15 hours ago
Virginia is for Launch Lovers
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 2 (Launch Area 0 C) - Wallops Island, Virginia, USA

Rideshare mission with 3 HawkEye 360 satellites and other payloads.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
Starlink Group 2-4
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
GPS III SV06
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

GPS-IIIA (Global Positioning System) is the first evolution stage of the third generation of the GPS satellites. It consists of the first ten (known …


Falcon Heavy
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
USSF-67
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

USSF-67 is a mission for the United States Space Force with two satellites, including the LDPE-3A rapid prototype platform hosting 5 USSF payloads.


Long March 2D
Success
2 weeks ago
6 x Jilin-1, Qilu-2/3 and others
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

This launch carries multiple payloads, including 6 new satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellite constellation and Qilu-2/3, …


Long March 2D
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
Yaogan 37 & Shiyan 22A/B
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Yaogan 37 is a Chinese military reconnaissance satellite. Shiyan 22A/B are 2 small Earth observation satellites built by SAST (SY-22A) & CAS (SY-22B).


Long March 2
Success
2 weeks, 2 days ago
APStar 6E
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

APStar 6E is a small high-throughput communication satellite for Hong Kong based APT Satellite. It is based on the new DFH-3E small GEO platform deve…


RS1
Failure
2 weeks, 4 days ago
Maiden Flight
Launch Pad 3C - Pacific Spaceport Complex, Alaska, USA

This is the first launch of RS1 launch vehicle developed and built by ABL Space Systems. This launch carries two satellites for L2 Aerospace.