Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Soyuz-U

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Administrator: Dmitry Rogozin Founded: 1992 Successes: 233 Failures: 11 Pending: 24

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

INFO WIKI

Launch Vehicle


Soyuz-U

Configuration: 2
Family: Soyuz-U

Vehicle Specifications


Soyuz-U2
GTO: None
LEO: 7050
Length: 34.54 m
Diameter: 2.95 m
Launch Mass: 298k kg
Thurst: None kN
WIKI

Human Exploration


Soyuz TM-12 was the 12th mission and the ninth long-duration expedition to Mir space station. The mission began on May 18, 1991, 12:50:28 UTC, launching Commander Anatoly Artsebarsky, Flight Engineer Sergei Krikalyov and Research Cosmonaut Helen Sharman, the first British cosmonaut, into orbit. They docked with Mir two days later. During their stay there, cosmonauts performed EVAs, various station repair and maintenance tasks, and carried out scientific experiments in biology, geophysics, space technology, astronomy etc. They were visited by several Progress resupply spacecrafts and welcomed aboard the Soyuz TM-13 crew. Helen Sharman returned on May 26, 1991, in Soyuz TM-11 spacecraft. While Sergei Krikalyov stayed on the station as a part of the next long-duration expedition, Anatoly Artsebarsky landed safely back on Earth on October 10, 1991, 04:12:18 UTC.

Launch Window


NET: May 18th 1991 - 12:50 UTC

Open: May 18th 1991 - 12:50 UTC

Close: May 18th 1991 - 12:50 UTC

Watch the Launch


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Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1/5, Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan


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