Soyuz T-14

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz T-14 was the ninth mission to visit the Salyut 7 space station. The mission began on September 17, 1985, 12:38:52 UTC, launching Commander Vladimir Vasyutin, Flight Engineer Georgi Grechko and Research Cosmonaut Alexander Volkov into orbit. They docked with the station next day. During their stay on the station, cosmonauts assisted resident Soyuz T-13 crew with numerous repairs on the station. They also conducted some scientific experiments. Georgi Grechko returned to Earth early with the Soyuz T-13 crew member. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on November 21, 1985, 10:31:00 UTC.

Soyuz-U

Family: Soyuz-U
Configuration: 2

The Soyuz-U2 was a Soviet, later Russian, carrier rocket. It was derived from the Soyuz-U, and a member of the R-7 family of rockets. It featured increased performance compared with the baseline Soyuz-U, due to the use of syntin propellant, as opposed to RP-1 paraffin, used on the Soyuz-U.

Specifications
  • Stages
    2
  • Length
    34.54 m
  • Diameter
    2.95 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    298 T
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz-U
  • Family
    Soyuz-U
  • Variant
    2
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz-U2
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    7050 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz T-14


Active Human Rated Crew On-board: 3 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Salyut 7
Serial Number: Soyuz T 11F732 #20

Soyuz T-14 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 17 September 1985 12:38 UTC. It transported two cosmonauts on EO-4-2 and one cosmonaut on EP-5 to Salyut 7. The EO-4-2 crew was Vladimir Vasyutin and Alexander Volkov. The EP-5 crew was Georgi Grechko.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Vladimir Vasyutin

Commander - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: March 8, 1952
Date of Death: July 19, 2002

Georgy Grechko

Flight Engineer - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: May 25, 1931
Date of Death: April 8, 2017

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Volkov

Research Cosmonaut - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: May 27, 1948
Age: 73

Soviet Space Program

Circle Image
Founded: 1931 Successes: 368 Failures: 15 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

The Soviet space program, was the national space program of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) actived from 1930s until disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Soviet Union's space program was mainly based on the cosmonautic exploration of space and the development of the expandable launch vehicles, which had been split between many design bureaus competing against each other. Over its 60-years of history, the Russian program was responsible for a number of pioneering feats and accomplishments in the human space flight, including the first intercontinental ballistic missile (R-7), first satellite (Sputnik 1), first animal in Earth orbit (the dog Laika on Sputnik 2), first human in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin on Vostok 1), first woman in space and Earth orbit (cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova on Vostok 6), first spacewalk (cosmonaut Alexei Leonov on Voskhod 2), first Moon impact (Luna 2), first image of the far side of the Moon (Luna 3) and unmanned lunar soft landing (Luna 9), first space rover (Lunokhod 1), first sample of lunar soil automatically extracted and brought to Earth (Luna 16), and first space station (Salyut 1). Further notable records included the first interplanetary probes: Venera 1 and Mars 1 to fly by Venus and Mars, respectively, Venera 3 and Mars 2 to impact the respective planet surface, and Venera 7 and Mars 3 to make soft landings on these planets.

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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