Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Soyuz U

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Administrator: Dmitry Rogozin Founded: 1992 Successes: 279 Failures: 19 Pending: 9

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

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Launch Vehicle


Soyuz U

Configuration:
Family: Soyuz

Human Exploration


Soyuz 33 would have been the eighth crew to dock to the Salyut 6 space station and was meant to visit the long-duration resident crew of the station. The mission began on April 10, 1979, 17:34:34 UTC, launching Commander Nikolai Rukavishnikovv and Research Cosmoanut Georgi Ivanov, the first Bulgarian cosmonaut, into orbit. They were going to dock with the station the next day, but engine failure forced mission to be aborted. The mission concluded with a rough return and landing back on Earth on April 12, 1979, 16:35:40 UTC.

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Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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