Soyuz 31

Circle Image

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz 31 was the sixth mission to visit the Salyut 6 space station and carried the the EP-4 crew, which visited the long-duration Soyuz 29 resident crew. The mission began on August 26, 1978, 14:51:30 UTC, launching Commander Valery Bukovsky and Research Cosmonaut/Flight Engineer Sigmund Jähn, the first German cosmonaut, into orbit. They docked with the station the next day. During their stay on the station, crew conducted various scientific experiments. Soyuz 31 crew swapped vehicles with the Soyuz 29 (EO-2 expedition) crew, which allowed for a longer stay in orbit for EO-2. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on September 3, 1978, 11:40:34 UTC.

Soyuz U

Family: Soyuz
Configuration:

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    2
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    51.1 m
  • Diameter
    2.95 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    313 T
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz U
  • Family
    Soyuz
  • Variant
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz U
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    6900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz 31


Active Human Rated Crew On-board: 2 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Salyut 6
Serial Number: Soyuz 7K-T 11F615A8 #47

Soyuz 31 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 26 August 1978 14:51 UTC. It transported two cosmonauts of EP-4 to Salyut 6. The crew was Valery Bykovsky and Sigmund Jähn.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Valery Bykovsky

Commander - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Aug. 2, 1934
Date of Death: March 27, 2019

Sigmund Jähn

Research Cosmonaut - German - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Feb. 13, 1937
Date of Death: Sept. 21, 2019

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Circle Image
Administrator: Yuri Borisov Founded: 1992 Successes: 294 Failures: 11 Pending: 11

Agency Type: Government

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

INFO WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1/5


Long March 6
Success
1 day, 20 hours ago
Shiyan 16 A/B & Shiyan 17
Launch Complex 16 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

3 Chinese classified satellites


Long March 2D
Success
2 days, 6 hours ago
Yaogan 36
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

3 Chinese military reconnaissance satellites.


Falcon 9
Success
3 days, 20 hours ago
Starlink Group 4-35
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 52 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Kuaizhou
Success
3 days, 21 hours ago
Shiyan 14 & Shiyan 15
Unknown Pad - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

2 Chinese classified satellites.


Delta IV Heavy
Success
3 days, 21 hours ago
NROL-91
Space Launch Complex 6 - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

Classified payload for the US National Reconnaissance Office (NRO).


Soyuz 2.1a
Success
1 week ago
Soyuz MS-22
31/6 - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz MS-22 will carry Roscosmos cosmonauts Sergei Prokopeyev, Dmitry Petelin and NASA astronaut Frank Rubio to the International Space Station aboar…


Long March 2D
Success
1 week ago
Yunhai-1-03
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

The Yunhai-1 satellite is designed for detecting environmental elements in the atmosphere and ocean, the space environment, disaster prevention and r…


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
Starlink Group 4-34
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 54 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Electron
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
The Owl Spreads Its Wings
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1B - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

Second of three launches of a StriX satellite as part of Synspective’s SAR constellation. StriX-1 can gather high resolution Earth observation data r…


Long March 7A
Success
2 weeks, 1 day ago
ChinaSat 1E
201 - Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Note: provisional information based on satellite naming The FH 2 (Feng Huo 2) series are reportedly the second generation of chinese military coms…