Soyuz 31

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Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz 31 was the sixth mission to visit the Salyut 6 space station and carried the the EP-4 crew, which visited the long-duration Soyuz 29 resident crew. The mission began on August 26, 1978, 14:51:30 UTC, launching Commander Valery Bukovsky and Research Cosmonaut/Flight Engineer Sigmund Jähn, the first German cosmonaut, into orbit. They docked with the station the next day. During their stay on the station, crew conducted various scientific experiments. Soyuz 31 crew swapped vehicles with the Soyuz 29 (EO-2 expedition) crew, which allowed for a longer stay in orbit for EO-2. The mission concluded with a safe landing back on Earth on September 3, 1978, 11:40:34 UTC.

Soyuz U

Family: Soyuz
Configuration:

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    2
  • Max Stage
    3
  • Length
    51.1 m
  • Diameter
    2.95 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    313 T
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz U
  • Family
    Soyuz
  • Variant
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz U
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    6900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz 31


In-active Human Rated Crew On-board: 2 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Salyut 6
Serial Number: Soyuz 7K-T 11F615A8 #47

Soyuz 31 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 26 August 1978 14:51 UTC. It transported two cosmonauts of EP-4 to Salyut 6. The crew was Valery Bykovsky and Sigmund Jähn.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Valery Bykovsky

Commander - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Aug. 2, 1934
Date of Death: March 27, 2019

Sigmund Jähn

Research Cosmonaut - German - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: Feb. 13, 1937
Date of Death: Sept. 21, 2019

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

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Administrator: Yuri Borisov Founded: 1992 Successes: 311 Failures: 11 Pending: 9

Agency Type: Government

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

INFO WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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