Soyuz 21

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz 21 was the first crewed mission to the Salyut 5 military space station. The mission began on July 6, 1976, 12:08:45 UTC, launching Commander Boris Volynov and Flight Engineer Vitaly Zholobov into orbit. Spacecraft docked with the station on July 7. During their stay on the station, crew conducted scientific experiments, inculding the first use of Kristall furnace for crystal growth, solar observations and experiments of military nature. The mission was expected to last for 60 days, but emergincies occured on the 42nd day, which included shutdown of several onboard systems, oxygen regeneration system among those. Crew restored functionality of the spaceship, but both Volynov and Zholobov's health was deteriorated, and mission had to end early. The mission concluded after 49 days with a rough landing back on Earth on August 24, 1976, 18:32:17 UTC.

Soyuz

Family: Soyuz
Configuration:

Specifications
  • Length
  • Diameter
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz
  • Family
    Soyuz
  • Variant
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz 21


Active Human Rated Crew On-board: 2 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Salyut 5
Serial Number: Soyuz 7K-T 11F615A8 #41

Soyuz 21 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 6 July 1976 12:08 UTC. It transported two cosmonauts on the first flight to Salyut. The crew was Boris Volynov and Vitaly Zholobov.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Boris Volynov

Commander - Russian - (RFSA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Dec. 18, 1934
Age: 86

Vitaly Zholobov

Flight Engineer - Russian - (RFSA)

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: June 18, 1937
Age: 83

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Circle Image
Administrator: Dmitry Rogozin Founded: 1992 Successes: 343 Failures: 24 Pending: 16

Agency Type: Government

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

INFO WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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