Soyuz 21

Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz 21 was the first crewed mission to the Salyut 5 military space station. The mission began on July 6, 1976, 12:08:45 UTC, launching Commander Boris Volynov and Flight Engineer Vitaly Zholobov into orbit. Spacecraft docked with the station on July 7. During their stay on the station, crew conducted scientific experiments, inculding the first use of Kristall furnace for crystal growth, solar observations and experiments of military nature. The mission was expected to last for 60 days, but emergincies occured on the 42nd day, which included shutdown of several onboard systems, oxygen regeneration system among those. Crew restored functionality of the spaceship, but both Volynov and Zholobov's health was deteriorated, and mission had to end early. The mission concluded after 49 days with a rough landing back on Earth on August 24, 1976, 18:32:17 UTC.

Soyuz

Family: Soyuz
Configuration:

Specifications
  • Length
  • Diameter
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz
  • Family
    Soyuz
  • Variant
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz 21


Active Human Rated Crew On-board: 2 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Salyut 5
Serial Number: Soyuz 7K-T 11F615A8 #41

Soyuz 21 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 6 July 1976 12:08 UTC. It transported two cosmonauts on the first flight to Salyut. The crew was Boris Volynov and Vitaly Zholobov.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Boris Volynov

Commander - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: Dec. 18, 1934
Age: 88

Vitaly Zholobov

Flight Engineer - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: June 18, 1937
Age: 85

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

Circle Image
Administrator: Yuri Borisov Founded: 1992 Successes: 297 Failures: 11 Pending: 10

Agency Type: Government

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

INFO WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1/5


Falcon 9
Success
4 days, 2 hours ago
Starlink Group 5-2
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 56 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


H-IIA 202
Success
4 days, 9 hours ago
IGS Radar-7
Yoshinobu Launch Complex - Tanegashima, Japan

The IGS-Radar 7 is a Japanese radar reconnaissance satellite. The satellite is operated by the Cabinet Satellite Information Center. The satellite se…


Electron
Success
5 days, 12 hours ago
Virginia is for Launch Lovers
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 2 (Launch Area 0 C) - Wallops Island, Virginia, USA

Rideshare mission with 3 HawkEye 360 satellites and other payloads.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Starlink Group 2-4
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
GPS III SV06
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

GPS-IIIA (Global Positioning System) is the first evolution stage of the third generation of the GPS satellites. It consists of the first ten (known …


Falcon Heavy
Success
2 weeks ago
USSF-67
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

USSF-67 is a mission for the United States Space Force with two satellites, including the LDPE-3A rapid prototype platform hosting 5 USSF payloads.


Long March 2D
Success
2 weeks, 1 day ago
6 x Jilin-1, Qilu-2/3 and others
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

This launch carries multiple payloads, including 6 new satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellite constellation and Qilu-2/3, …


Long March 2D
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
Yaogan 37 & Shiyan 22A/B
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Yaogan 37 is a Chinese military reconnaissance satellite. Shiyan 22A/B are 2 small Earth observation satellites built by SAST (SY-22A) & CAS (SY-22B).


Long March 2
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
APStar 6E
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

APStar 6E is a small high-throughput communication satellite for Hong Kong based APT Satellite. It is based on the new DFH-3E small GEO platform deve…


RS1
Failure
2 weeks, 5 days ago
Maiden Flight
Launch Pad 3C - Pacific Spaceport Complex, Alaska, USA

This is the first launch of RS1 launch vehicle developed and built by ABL Space Systems. This launch carries two satellites for OmniTeq.