Soyuz 18

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Overview

Destination: Low Earth Orbit
Mission: Human Exploration

Low Earth Orbit 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz 18 was the second and final crew to man the Salyut 4 space station. The mission began on May 24th 1975 at 1458:10 UTC, launching Commander Pyotr Klimuk & Flight Engineer Vitali Sevastyanov into orbit docking with Salyut 4 2 days later. They stayed on the station for 63 days setting a new Soviet space endurance record at the time. Klimuk & Sevastyanov were the back-up crew for the failed Soyuz 18a mission so their mission goals included completing the goals of Soyuz 18a, continuing the work of Soyuz 17 & fixing or replacing equipment. They replaced a gas analyzer, switched a pumping condenser in the water regeneration system with a hand pump & fixed a spectrometer. Mostly the experiments were biological & medical but they also studied stars, planets, earth and its atmosphere with roughly 2000 photographs of Earth and 600 of the sun taken. The mission concluded with a safe landing on June 26th 1975 at 1418:18 UTC.

Soyuz

Family: Soyuz
Configuration:

Specifications
  • Length
  • Diameter
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Soyuz
  • Family
    Soyuz
  • Variant
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Soyuz
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Soyuz 18


Active Human Rated Crew On-board: 2 Crew Capacity: 3
Destination: Salyut 4
Serial Number: Soyuz 7K-T 11F615A8 #40

Soyuz 18 was a Soyuz spacecraft which launched on 24 May 1975 14:58 UTC. It transported two cosmonauts on the final flight to Salyut 4. The crew was Pyotr Klimuk and Vitali Sevastyanov.

Soyuz Details

Crew


Pyotr Klimuk

Commander - Belarusian - ( RFSA )

Status: Retired

Date of Birth: July 10, 1942
Age: 80

Vitaly Sevastyanov

Flight Engineer - Russian - ( RFSA )

Status: Deceased

Date of Birth: July 8, 1935
Date of Death: April 5, 2010

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)

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Administrator: Yuri Borisov Founded: 1992 Successes: 294 Failures: 11 Pending: 11

Agency Type: Government

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.

INFO WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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