Zond 1c

Overview

Destination: Venus flyby
Mission: Robotic Exploration

Venus flyby 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Zond 1c was a 3MV-1 series Venus probes that carried a landing capsule. It was left in Earth orbit when the upper stage of the launch vehicle failed.

Molniya 8K78

Family: Molniya
Configuration: 8K78

The Molniya was a modification of the well-known R-7 Semyorka rocket and had four stages. The 8K78 resulted from a crash program by the Korolev Bureau to develop a booster for launching planetary probes. A larger third stage was added along with a fourth stage (Blok L) that was designed to fire in-orbit to send the payload out of LEO. The basic R-7 core was also structurally strengthened and given more powerful engines. A rushed development produced multiple malfunctions of the upper stages, which led to its being replaced by the improved Molniya-M in 1964, but there were enough 8K78s left to continue flying them into 1967.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    43.44 m
  • Diameter
    3.0 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    305 T
  • Thrust
    813 kN
Family
  • Name
    Molniya 8K78
  • Family
    Molniya
  • Variant
    8K78
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Molniya 8K78
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    1900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Strategic Rocket Forces

Circle Image
Founded: 1959 Successes: 173 Failures: 43 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

The Strategic Rocket Forces of the Russian Federation are a separate-troops branch of the Russian Armed Forces that control Russia's land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1/5


PSLV
Success
5 days, 17 hours ago
DS-EO & others
Satish Dhawan Space Centre Second Launch Pad - Sriharikota, Republic of India

DS-EO is an electro-optical multispectral Earth observation satellite for DSTA from Singapore. Secondary payloads are NeuSAR and SCOOB-I, both also f…


Falcon 9
Success
6 days, 9 hours ago
SES-22
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Geostationary communications satellite


Electron
Success
1 week ago
CAPSTONE
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1B - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

CAPSTONE (Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment) is a 12-U cubesat mission to test operations in nea…


Long March 4C
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Gaofen-12-03
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Gaofen is a series of civilian Earth observation satellites developed and launched for the China High-definition Earth Observation System (CHEOS), a …


Black Brant IX
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
XQC
Suborbital Launch Ramp - Arnhem Space Centre

The X-ray Quantum Calorimeter Experiment (XQC) is a payload from the University of Wisconsin. Its objective is to measure X-rays with unprecedented p…


Long March 2D
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Yaogan 35 Group 02
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

3 Chinese reconnaissance satellites.


Ariane 5 ECA+
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Measat-3d & GSAT 24
Ariane Launch Area 3 - Kourou, French Guiana

Measat-3d is a Malaysian geostationary communications satellite built by Airbus Space Systems. GSAT 24 is a communications satellite of the Indian Sp…


Kuaizhou
Success
2 weeks ago
Kuaizhou
Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Nuri
Success
2 weeks ago
Flight Test 2
LC-2 - Naro Space Center, South Korea

Second flight of the KSLV-II "Nuri" launch vehicle, carrying a dummy satellite Payload of 1500 kg to sun-synchronous orbit. The mission will in ad…


Falcon 9
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
Globalstar-2 FM15 & USA 328-331
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Launch carrying a spare Globalstar-2 satellite. Four other payloads were detected after deployment, after an additional payload adapter was spotted o…