Molniya 8K78 | Venera-1VA 2

Molniya 8K78

Family: Molniya
Configuration: 8K78

The Molniya was a modification of the well-known R-7 Semyorka rocket and had four stages. The 8K78 resulted from a crash program by the Korolev Bureau to develop a booster for launching planetary probes. A larger third stage was added along with a fourth stage (Blok L) that was designed to fire in-orbit to send the payload out of LEO. The basic R-7 core was also structurally strengthened and given more powerful engines. A rushed development produced multiple malfunctions of the upper stages, which led to its being replaced by the improved Molniya-M in 1964, but there were enough 8K78s left to continue flying them into 1967.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    43.44 m
  • Diameter
    3.0 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
  • Thrust
    813 kN
Family
  • Name
    Molniya 8K78
  • Family
    Molniya
  • Variant
    8K78
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Molniya 8K78
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    1900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Strategic Missile Troops

Strategic Missile Troops

(RVSN RF)

Successes: 1 Failures: 3 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Pad: 1/5


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
5 days, 3 hours ago
Starlink 9
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 57 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system. This launch will also ca...


Long March 2D
Success
6 days, 4 hours ago
Gaofen-9-04
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Gaofen is a series of civilian Earth observation satellites developed and launched for the China High-definition Earth Observation System (CHEOS), ...


Starship SN5
Success
1 week ago
Starship SN5 150m Hop
SpaceX South Texas Launch Site - SpaceX Space Launch Facility, TX, USA

The Starship SN5 first flight was a 150m 'hop' from SpaceX's South Texas Launch Site in Boca Chica Village.


Proton-M Briz-M
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Ekspress-80 & Ekspress-103
200/39 (200L) - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Ekspress-80 and Ekspress 103 are communications satellites for Russian domestic communication services owned by RSCC (Kosmicheskiya Svyaz). Expres...


Atlas V 541
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Mars 2020 (Perseverance rover & Ingenuity helicopter)
Space Launch Complex 41 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Atop this ULA Atlas V rocket will be Perseverance, a car-sized rover which will explore an ancient river delta on Mars. Armed with a suite of six s...


Long March 4
Success
2 weeks, 4 days ago
Ziyuan-3-03
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

Ziyuan is a series of remote sensing satellites in Sun-synchronous orbit around Earth. Ziyuan 3-02 is a Chinese Earth observation satellite, a high...


Soyuz 2.1A
Success
2 weeks, 5 days ago
Progress MS-15 (76P)
31/6 - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

The Progress resupply vehicle is an automated, unpiloted version of the Soyuz spacecraft that is used to bring supplies and fuel to the Internation...


Long March 5
Success
2 weeks, 6 days ago
Tianwen-1 (Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover)
Wenchang - Wenchang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Tianwen-1 ("questions to heaven") Mars mission includes a Martian orbiter and a lander/rover duo. This will be China's first mission to Mars. The...


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
3 weeks, 1 day ago
ANASIS-II
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

ANASIS-II is South Korea's first dedicated military satellite.


H-IIA 202
Success
3 weeks, 2 days ago
Hope (Emirates Mars Mission)
Osaki Y LP1 - Tanegashima, Japan

Hope Mars Mission, also known as Al-Amal, is UAE's first interplanetary space probe. It's an orbiter which will study Martian atmosphere and climat...