Molniya 8K78 | Venera-1VA 1

Molniya 8K78

Family: Molniya
Configuration: 8K78

The Molniya was a modification of the well-known R-7 Semyorka rocket and had four stages. The 8K78 resulted from a crash program by the Korolev Bureau to develop a booster for launching planetary probes. A larger third stage was added along with a fourth stage (Blok L) that was designed to fire in-orbit to send the payload out of LEO. The basic R-7 core was also structurally strengthened and given more powerful engines. A rushed development produced multiple malfunctions of the upper stages, which led to its being replaced by the improved Molniya-M in 1964, but there were enough 8K78s left to continue flying them into 1967.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    43.44 m
  • Diameter
    3.0 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
  • Thrust
    813 kN
Family
  • Name
    Molniya 8K78
  • Family
    Molniya
  • Variant
    8K78
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Molniya 8K78
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    1900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Strategic Missile Troops

Strategic Missile Troops

(RVSN RF)

Successes: 1 Failures: 3 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Pad: 1/5


Kuaizhou-11
Failure
2 days, 10 hours ago
Maiden Flight
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

First flight of the new solid launcher developed by ExPace, subsidiary of CASIC. It will carry 2 communication satellites on this launch.


Long March 3
Success
3 days, 2 hours ago
APStar-6D
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

APStar-6D is a commercial communications satellite for APT Satellite Company Ltd under an end-to-end contract signed with China Great Wall Industry...


Shavit-2
Success
6 days, 14 hours ago
Ofek-16
Unknown - Palmachim Airbase, State of Israel

Ofek is a series of Israeli reconnaissance satellites.


Long March 2D
Success
1 week ago
Chuangxin 3A (02)
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Chuangxin is a series of experimental small satellites developed by China Academy of Science.


Electron
Failure
1 week ago
Pics Or It Didn’t Happen
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1A - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

‘Pics Or It Didn’t Happen’ is the 13th mission for Rocket Lab. It was planned to deploy seven imaging small satellites to a 500km circular low Eart...


Long March 4
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
Gaofen Multimode
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

Gaofen is a series of civilian Earth observation satellites developed and launched for the China High-definition Earth Observation System (CHEOS), ...


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
1 week, 4 days ago
GPS III SV03 "Columbus"
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

GPS-IIIA (Global Positioning System) is the first evolution stage of the third generation of the GPS satellites. It consists of the first ten (know...


Long March 3
Success
2 weeks, 5 days ago
Beidou-3 G3
Launch Complex 2 (LC-2) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

This satellite is a part of the geostationary component of the 3rd phase of the Chinese Beidou (Compass) satellite navigation system. It features a...


Long March 2D
Success
3 weeks, 4 days ago
Gaofen-9-03
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Gaofen is a series of civilian Earth observation satellites developed and launched for the China High-definition Earth Observation System (CHEOS), ...


MOMO
Failure
4 weeks ago
Flight 5
Taiki-cho, Hokkaido, Japan - Taiki-cho, Hokkaido, Japan

Interstellar Technologies will launch the 'MOMO' observation rocket on its fifth mission.