Molniya-1 3a

Overview

Destination: Elliptical Orbit
Mission: Communications

Elliptical Orbit 31/6 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

The Molniya were Soviet communication satellites operating from an inclined highly elliptical earth orbit of 500 km × 40000 km with 12 hour period for coverage of high northern latitudes.

Molniya 8K78

Family: Molniya
Configuration: 8K78

The Molniya was a modification of the well-known R-7 Semyorka rocket and had four stages. The 8K78 resulted from a crash program by the Korolev Bureau to develop a booster for launching planetary probes. A larger third stage was added along with a fourth stage (Blok L) that was designed to fire in-orbit to send the payload out of LEO. The basic R-7 core was also structurally strengthened and given more powerful engines. A rushed development produced multiple malfunctions of the upper stages, which led to its being replaced by the improved Molniya-M in 1964, but there were enough 8K78s left to continue flying them into 1967.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    43.44 m
  • Diameter
    3.0 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    305 T
  • Thrust
    813 kN
Family
  • Name
    Molniya 8K78
  • Family
    Molniya
  • Variant
    8K78
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Molniya 8K78
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    1900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Strategic Rocket Forces

Circle Image
Founded: 1959 Successes: 173 Failures: 43 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

The Strategic Rocket Forces of the Russian Federation are a separate-troops branch of the Russian Armed Forces that control Russia's land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

31/6


Falcon 9
Success
5 days, 17 hours ago
Starlink Group 3-3
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of 46 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Long March 6
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Jilin-1 High Resolution 03D-09, 35 to 43 & Infrared A01 to 06
Launch Complex 16 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

16 new Earth observation satellites for the Jilin-1 commercial Earth observation satellites constellation.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Starlink Group 4-26
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 52 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
Khayyam & rideshare
31/6 - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Khayyam, also known as Project 505, is a Russian built Earth observation satellite for Iran. The satellite is built by VNIIEM and NPK Barl on a curre…


Ceres-1
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
Taijing-1-01 & 02
Unknown Pad - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Two commercial Earth observation satellites built by Minospace.


SSLV
Failure
1 week, 4 days ago
SSLV Demo 1
Satish Dhawan Space Centre First Launch Pad - Sriharikota, Republic of India

First test flight of Indian SSLV (Small Satellite Launch Vehicle).


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Danuri (KPLO - Korean Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter)
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Lunar orbiter designed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) to demonstrate technologies, survey lunar resources and produce a topographic…


Long March 2F
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Chinese Reusable Space Vehicle
Launch Area 4 (SLS-1 / 921) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

Note: Launch time is approximate. Probable reflight of the Chinese spaceplane capable of returning to Earth, which flew in orbit September 4 - 6, …


New Shepard
Success
2 weeks ago
NS-22
West Texas Suborbital Launch Site/ Corn Ranch - Corn Ranch, USA

NS-22 is the sixth crewed New Shepard flight, carrying six passengers.


Atlas V 421
Success
2 weeks ago
SBIRS GEO-6
Space Launch Complex 41 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Sixth geosynchronous satellite of the Space Based Infrared System program (SBIRS), providing capabilities for early missile warning and missile defen…