Molniya-1 3

Overview

Destination: Elliptical Orbit
Mission: Communications

Elliptical Orbit 31/6 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

The Molniya were Soviet communication satellites operating from an inclined highly elliptical earth orbit of 500 km × 40000 km with 12 hour period for coverage of high northern latitudes.

Molniya 8K78

Family:
Configuration: 8K78

The Molniya was a modification of the well-known R-7 Semyorka rocket and had four stages. The 8K78 resulted from a crash program by the Korolev Bureau to develop a booster for launching planetary probes. A larger third stage was added along with a fourth stage (Blok L) that was designed to fire in-orbit to send the payload out of LEO. The basic R-7 core was also structurally strengthened and given more powerful engines. A rushed development produced multiple malfunctions of the upper stages, which led to its being replaced by the improved Molniya-M in 1964, but there were enough 8K78s left to continue flying them into 1967.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    43.44 m
  • Diameter
    3.0 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    305 T
  • Thrust
    813 kN
Family
  • Name
    Molniya 8K78
  • Family
  • Variant
    8K78
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Molniya 8K78
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    1900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Strategic Rocket Forces

Strategic Rocket Forces

(RVSN RF)

Founded: 1959 Successes: 12 Failures: 3 Pending: 0

Agency Type:

The Strategic Rocket Forces of the Russian Federation are a separate-troops branch of the Russian Armed Forces that control Russia's land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

31/6


SpaceShipTwo
Success
5 days, 20 hours ago
Galactic 07
Spaceport America - Air launch to Suborbital flight

Seventh commercial Virgin Galactic mission.


Falcon 9
Success
5 days, 22 hours ago
Starlink Group 8-8
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

A batch of satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
6 days, 10 hours ago
Starlink Group 10-1
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 22 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Starship
Success
1 week ago
Integrated Flight Test 4
Orbital Launch Mount A - SpaceX Starbase, TX, USA

Fourth test flight of the two-stage Starship launch vehicle.


Ceres-1
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
3 satellites
Launch Area 95A - Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Carried 3 satellites to polar orbit, details TBD: * TEE-01B *Naxing-3A/B


Atlas V N22
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
CST-100 Starliner Crewed Flight Test
Space Launch Complex 41 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

This is the first crewed test flight of Starliner spacecraft. It will carry NASA astronauts Barry Wilmore and Suni Williams to the International Spa…


Electron
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
PREFIRE And Ice (PREFIRE 2)
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1B - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

Second 6U Cubesat carrying a miniaturized IR spectrometer, covering 0- 45 μm at 0.84 μm spectral resolution, operating for one seasonal cycle for NAS…


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 2 days ago
Starlink Group 8-5
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 20 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Starlink Group 6-64
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Ceres-1
Success
2 weeks ago
5 satellites
Launch Area 95A - Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Carried 5 satellites to orbit: * Jiguang 01 & 02, a pair of inter-satellite laser communication testing satellites * Yunyao-1-14/25/26 GNSS occul…