Mars 1c

Overview

Destination: Mars flyby
Mission: Robotic Exploration

Mars flyby 1/5 Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Modified Venera-type spacecraft designed to flyby Mars at a distance of about 11,000 km.

Molniya 8K78

Family: Molniya
Configuration: 8K78

The Molniya was a modification of the well-known R-7 Semyorka rocket and had four stages. The 8K78 resulted from a crash program by the Korolev Bureau to develop a booster for launching planetary probes. A larger third stage was added along with a fourth stage (Blok L) that was designed to fire in-orbit to send the payload out of LEO. The basic R-7 core was also structurally strengthened and given more powerful engines. A rushed development produced multiple malfunctions of the upper stages, which led to its being replaced by the improved Molniya-M in 1964, but there were enough 8K78s left to continue flying them into 1967.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    43.44 m
  • Diameter
    3.0 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    305 T
  • Thrust
    813 kN
Family
  • Name
    Molniya 8K78
  • Family
    Molniya
  • Variant
    8K78
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Molniya 8K78
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    1900 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Strategic Rocket Forces

Circle Image
Founded: 1959 Successes: 12 Failures: 3 Pending: 0

Agency Type: Government

The Strategic Rocket Forces of the Russian Federation are a separate-troops branch of the Russian Armed Forces that control Russia's land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs).

WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

1/5


Firefly Alpha
Success
2 days, 13 hours ago
FLTA002 (To The Black)
Space Launch Complex 2W - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

Second test flight of the Firefly Alpha small sat launcher developed by Firefly Aerospace.


Long March 6
Success
6 days, 20 hours ago
Shiyan 16 A/B & Shiyan 17
Launch Complex 16 - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

3 Chinese classified satellites


Long March 2D
Success
1 week ago
Yaogan 36
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

3 Chinese military reconnaissance satellites.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Starlink Group 4-35
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 52 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Kuaizhou
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Shiyan 14 & Shiyan 15
Unknown Pad - Taiyuan, People's Republic of China

2 Chinese classified satellites.


Delta IV Heavy
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
NROL-91
Space Launch Complex 6 - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

Classified payload for the US National Reconnaissance Office (NRO).


Soyuz 2.1a
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Soyuz MS-22
31/6 - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

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Long March 2D
Success
1 week, 5 days ago
Yunhai-1-03
Launch Area 4 (SLS-2 / 603) - Jiuquan, People's Republic of China

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Falcon 9
Success
2 weeks ago
Starlink Group 4-34
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 54 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Electron
Success
2 weeks, 3 days ago
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Second of three launches of a StriX satellite as part of Synspective’s SAR constellation. StriX-1 can gather high resolution Earth observation data r…