Mars Climate Orbiter

Overview

Destination: Heliocentric N/A
Mission: Robotic Exploration

Heliocentric N/A Space Launch Complex 17A Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

The Mars Surveyor '98 program is comprised of two spacecraft launched separately, the MCO (Mars Climate Orbiter, formerly the Mars Surveyor '98 Orbiter) and the MPL (Mars Polar Lander, formerly the Mars Surveyor '98 Lander). The two missions were to study the Martian weather, climate, and water and carbon dioxide budget, in order to understand the reservoirs, behavior, and atmospheric role of volatiles and to search for evidence of long-term and episodic climate changes. The Mars Climate Orbiter was destroyed when a navigation error caused it to miss its target altitude at Mars by 80 to 90 km, instead entering the Martian atmosphere at an altitude of 57 km during the orbit insertion maneuver.

Delta II

Family:
Configuration: 7425-9.5

Delta II was an expendable launch system, originally designed and built by McDonnell Douglas. Delta II was part of the Delta rocket family and entered service in 1989. Delta II vehicles included the Delta 6000, and the two later Delta 7000 variants ("Light" and "Heavy"). The rocket flew its final mission ICESat-2 on 15 September 2018, earning the launch vehicle a streak of 100 successful missions in a row, with the last failure being GPS IIR-1 in 1997.

Specifications
  • Stages
    4
  • Length
    39.0 m
  • Diameter
    2.44 m
  • Fairing Diameter
    2.44 m
  • Launch Mass
    170 T
  • Thrust
    3020 kN
Family
  • Name
    Delta II
  • Family
  • Variant
    7425-9.5
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Delta II 7425-9.5
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

McDonnell Douglas

McDonnell Douglas

(MDC)

Successes: 0 Failures: 0 Pending: 0

Agency Type:

WIKI

Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Space Launch Complex 17A


Falcon 9
Success
1 day, 5 hours ago
EarthCARE
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

EarthCARE (Earth Cloud Aerosol and Radiation Explorer) is a joint mission of ESA and JAXA. The main goal of the mission is the observation and charac…


Falcon 9
Success
1 day, 13 hours ago
Starlink Group 6-60
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Chollima-1
Failure
2 days, 13 hours ago
Malligyong-1-1
Malligyong-1 Pad - Sohae Satellite Launching Station, Cholsan County, North Pyongan Province, Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Malligyong-1-1 (meaning "Telescope-1") is the fourth attempt by North Korea to launch a satellite officially declared to be for military reconnaissan…


Electron
Success
4 days, 19 hours ago
Ready, Aim, PREFIRE (PREFIRE 1)
Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1B - Onenui Station, Mahia Peninsula, New Zealand

First 6U Cubesat carrying a miniaturized IR spectrometer, covering 0- 45 μm at 0.84 μm spectral resolution, operating for one seasonal cycle for NASA…


Falcon 9
Success
6 days ago
Starlink Group 6-63
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week ago
Starlink Group 6-62
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 23 satellites for the Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9
Success
1 week ago
NROL-146
Space Launch Complex 4E - Vandenberg SFB, CA, USA

First batch of satellites for a reconnaissance satellite constellation built by SpaceX and Northrop Grumman for the National Reconnaissance Office to…


Kuaizhou-11
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Wuhan-1 and others
Launch Area 95A - Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Carried 4 satellites to SSO: * Wuhan-1 * Chutian 001 * Tianyan 22 * Lingque-3 01


Long March 2D
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
Beijing 3C
Launch Complex 9 - Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

Commercial optical Earth observation constellation of 4 satellites for 21AT (Twenty First Century Aerospace Technology Company Ltd).


New Shepard
Success
1 week, 3 days ago
NS-25
West Texas Suborbital Launch Site/ Corn Ranch - Corn Ranch, Van Horn, TX, USA

Twenty-fifth flight of New Shepard carrying six passengers.