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Solar Orbiter

Solar Orbiter will address big questions in Solar System science to help us understand how our star creates and controls the giant bubble of plasma that surrounds the whole Solar System and influences the planets within it. It is an ESA mission with strong NASA participation.

Solar Orbiter

Overview

Destination: Heliocentric N/A
Mission: Heliophysics

Heliocentric N/A Space Launch Complex 41 Cape Canaveral, FL, USA Probability: 90% #SolO

Solar Orbiter is a joint ESA/NASA mission dedicated to solar and heliospheric physics. It will be used to examine how the Sun creates and controls the heliosphere, the vast bubble of charged particles blown by the solar wind into the interstellar medium. The spacecraft will combine in situ and remote sensing observations to gain new information about the solar wind, the heliospheric magnetic field, solar energetic particles, transient interplanetary disturbances and the Sun's magnetic field. Instruments include: * Solar Wind Analyser (SWA) * Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) * Magnetometer (MAG) * Radio and Plasma Wave analyser (RPW) * Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (PHI) * Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) * Spectral Imaging of the Coronal Environment (SPICE) * Spectrometer Telescope for Imaging X-rays (STIX) * Coronagraph (Metis) While mission is not intended to get as close to the Sun as Parker Solar Probe, it's designed to coordinate observations and has different set of instruments. Main mission starts after one and only Earth flyby in November 2021, and lasts until Dec 2026 when it enters extended phase. During the mission, Solar Orbiter will get through numerous Venus gravity assists, and its trajectory will be highly inclined allowing direct observations of Sun's poles.

Launch Infographic

Geoff Barrett is an independent graphic artist that creates launch infographics for space flight events.

Atlas V 411

Family: Atlas
Configuration: 411

Atlas V with 4m fairing, 1 SRB, 1 Centaur upper stage engine.

See Atlas Details
Specifications
  • Max Stage
    2
  • Length
    58.3 m
  • Diameter
    3.8 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
  • Thrust
Family
  • Name
    Atlas V 411
  • Family
    Atlas
  • Variant
    411
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Atlas V 411
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
    $$115M
  • Low Earth Orbit
    8080 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
    5950 kg
  • Direct Geostationary
    1935 kg
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

United Launch Alliance

Circle Image
CEO: Tory Bruno Founded: 2006 Successes: 140 Failures: 1 Pending: 26

Agency Type: Commercial

United Launch Alliance (ULA) is a joint venture of Lockheed Martin Space Systems and Boeing Defense, Space & Security. ULA was formed in December 2006 by combining the teams at these companies which provide spacecraft launch services to the government of the United States. ULA launches from both coasts of the US. They launch their Atlas V vehicle from LC-41 in Cape Canaveral and LC-3E at Vandeberg. Their Delta IV launches from LC-37 at Cape Canaveral and LC-6 at Vandenberg.

INFO WIKI

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Solar Orbiter reveals closest pictures, new science of the Sun

The European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA have released the first pictures and preliminary findings captured by the Solar Orbiter, including intriguing glimpses of “campfires” near the solar surface that could shed new light on one of the...

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Solar Orbiter's first images reveal 'campfires' on the Sun

The first images from Solar Orbiter, a new Sun-observing mission by ESA and NASA, have revealed omnipresent miniature solar flares, dubbed 'campfires', near the surface of our closest star.. description

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First images from Solar Orbiter mission bring sun into sharper focus

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NASA, ESA to Release First Images from Solar Orbiter Mission

Scientists from NASA and ESA (European Space Agency) will release the first data captured by Solar Orbiter, the joint ESA/NASA mission to study the Sun, during an online news briefing at 8 a.m. EDT Thursday, July 16.

Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

Pad: Space Launch Complex 41


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