ExoMars 2022 Surface Platform & Rosalind Franklin Rover

Overview

Destination: Heliocentric N/A
Mission: Robotic Exploration

Heliocentric N/A 200/39 (200L) Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

ExoMars 2022 is a second mission of two-part astrobiology project to search for evidence of life on Mars, a joint mission of the European Space Agency and the Russian space agency Roscosmos that consists out of surface module with a rover onboard. The primary objective is to land the rover at a site with high potential for finding well-preserved organic material, particularly from the very early history of the planet. The rover is expected to travel several kilometers during its mission. The European rover will be the first mission to combine the capability to move across the surface and to study Mars at depth. It will collect samples with a drill down to a depth of 2 m and analyze them with next-generation instruments in an onboard laboratory. Underground samples are more likely to include biomarkers, since the tenuous martian atmosphere offers little protection from radiation and photochemistry at the surface. While the rover will drive away from the surface platform to perform scientific investigations within several kilometers of the landing site, the Russian-made platform will remain stationary and will investigate the local surface environment for its normal mission lifetime of one Earth year. The main science priorities for the platform are context imaging of the landing site, long-term climate monitoring, and atmospheric investigations. Sensors and instruments will also study the subsurface water distribution at the landing site, investigate the exchange of volatiles between the atmosphere and the surface, monitor the radiation environment and compare it with measurements made with the radiation dosimeter on the Trace Gas Orbiter, and carry out geophysical investigations of the planet's internal structure.

Proton-M Briz-M

Family: Proton
Configuration: Briz-M

Specifications
  • Minimum Stage
    1
  • Max Stage
    4
  • Length
    53.0 m
  • Diameter
    7.4 m
  • Fairing Diameter
  • Launch Mass
    712 T
  • Thrust
    10000 kN
Family
  • Name
    Proton-M Briz-M
  • Family
    Proton
  • Variant
    Briz-M
  • Alias
  • Full Name
    Proton-M Briz-M
Payload Capacity
  • Launch Cost
  • Low Earth Orbit
    21000 kg
  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit
    4500 kg
  • Direct Geostationary
  • Sun-Synchronous Capacity

Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Circle Image
Director: Andrey Vladimirovich Kalinovskiy Founded: 1916 Successes: 71 Failures: 7 Pending: 8

Agency Type: Government

Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center is a Moscow-based producer of spacecraft and space-launch systems, including the Proton and Rokot rockets and is currently developing the Angara rocket family. The Proton launch vehicle launches from Baikonur and Rokot launches from Baikonur and Plesetsk. Angara will launch from Plesetsk and Vostochny.

INFO WIKI

Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

200/39 (200L)


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