Vladimir Mikhaylovich Komarov (Russian: Влади́мир Миха́йлович Комаро́в, IPA: [vlɐˈdʲimʲɪr mʲɪˈxaɪləvʲɪtɕ kəmɐˈrof]; 16 March 1927 – 24 April 1967) was a Soviet test pilot, aerospace engineer and cosmonaut. In October 1964, he commanded Voskhod 1, the first spaceflight to carry more than one crew member. He became the first cosmonaut to fly in space twice when he was selected as the solo pilot of Soyuz 1, the first manned test flight of a new spacecraft. A parachute failure caused his Soyuz capsule to crash into the ground after re-entry on 24 April 1967, making him the first human to die in a space flight.
Voskhod 1 was the seventh manned Soviet space flight(Commander-Vladimir Komarov, Engineer Konstantin Feoktistov, and Medical Doctor Boris Yegorov) . It achieved a number of "firsts" in the history of manned spaceflight, being the first space flight to carry more than one crewman into orbit, the first flight without the use of spacesuits, and the first to carry either an engineer or a physician into outer space. It also set a manned spacecraft altitude record of 336 km (209 mi).Low Earth Orbit
Soyuz 1 was the first crewed flight of a Soyuz spacecraft, it carried the Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov to orbit. The mission goal was to rendezvous with Soyuz 2 and move crew members between the spacecrafts, the goal was not met due to Soyuz 2 launch being called off due to thunderstorms. Vladimir Komarov was killed when the parachutes of his Soyuz capsule failed during descent to earth becoming the first in-flight fatality of spaceflight.Low Earth Orbit
The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.