Circle Image

Georgi Ivanov

Bulgarian - ( RFSA)

Retired

Date of Birth: July 2, 1940
Age: 80


Major general Georgi Ivanov Kakalov (Bulgarian: Георги Иванов Какалов; born July 2, 1940) is a Bulgarian former military officer who was the first Bulgarian cosmonaut. Ivanov, along with Soviet cosmonaut Nikolai Rukavishnikov, was launched into space as part of the Soyuz 33 mission from Baikonur Cosmodrome on April 10, 1979, at 17:34 (GMT). The scientific program for the flight was prepared entirely by Bulgarian scientists, along with some of the equipment. Though take-off was smooth, the mission was a disaster, with severe damage of the engine preventing docking in orbit to Salyut 6 orbital station as it was initially planned. A premature return to Earth became the only possible decision for Ivanov and Rukavishnikov. Due to some additional technical problems landing was difficult to endure-more than 9Gs. When Soyuz 33 finally landed, it was 320 kilometres (200 mi) southeast of Dzhezkazgan. It completed 31 orbits, and was in space for 1 day, 23 hours, and 1 minute. The flight remains the only example for manual landing and is thus quoted in every astronautic textbook.

Soyuz-U | Soyuz 33

Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS) | RUS
Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan
April 10, 1979, 5:34 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Human Exploration

Soyuz 33 would have been the eighth crew to dock to the Salyut 6 space station and was meant to visit the long-duration resident crew of the station. The mission began on April 10, 1979, 17:34:34 UTC, launching Commander Nikolai Rukavishnikovv and Research Cosmoanut Georgi Ivanov, the first Bulgarian cosmonaut, into orbit. They were going to dock with the station the next day, but engine failure forced mission to be aborted. The mission concluded with a rough return and landing back on Earth on April 12, 1979, 16:35:40 UTC.

Low Earth Orbit
Explore Share

Circle Image
Administrator: Dmitry Rogozin

The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, is the governmental body responsible for the space science program of the Russian Federation and general aerospace research. Soyuz has many launch locations the Russian sites are Baikonur, Plesetsk and Vostochny however Ariane also purchases the vehicle and launches it from French Guiana.


Long March 2
Success
14 hours, 38 minutes ago
Yaogan-30-07
Launch Complex 3 ( LC-3 ) ( LA-1 ) - Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People's Republic of China

The Yaogan 30-01-01 to 30-01-03 (Remote Sensing Satellite-30-01-01 to 30-01-03) satellites, were launched by CZ-2C rocket from China's Xichang spac...


Soyuz 2.1B
Success
1 day, 10 hours ago
Glonass-K1
43/4 (43R) - Plesetsk Cosmodrome, Russian Federation

Glonass-K are the third generation of satellite design for GLONASS satellite navigation system. GLONASS is a Russian space-based navigation system ...


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
2 days, 14 hours ago
Starlink 14
Space Launch Complex 40 - Cape Canaveral, FL, USA

A batch of 60 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Falcon 9 Block 5
Success
1 week, 1 day ago
Starlink 13
Launch Complex 39A - Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA

A batch of 60 satellites for Starlink mega-constellation - SpaceX's project for space-based Internet communication system.


Soyuz 2.1A
Success
1 week, 6 days ago
Soyuz MS-17
31/6 - Baikonur Cosmodrome, Republic of Kazakhstan

Soyuz MS-17 begins expedition 63 by carrying Roscosmos cosmonauts Sergey Ryzhikov, Sergey Kud-Sverchkov and NASA astronaut Kathleen Rubins to the I...