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Claude Nicollier

Swiss - ( ESA)

Retired

Date of Birth: Sept. 2, 1944
Age: 74


Claude Nicollier is the first astronaut from Switzerland. He has flown on four Space Shuttle missions. His first spaceflight (STS-46) was in 1992, and his final spaceflight (STS-103) was in 1999. He took part in two servicing missions to the Hubble Space Telescope (called STS-61 and STS-103). During his final spaceflight he participated in a spacewalk, becoming the first European Space Agency astronaut to do so during a Space Shuttle mission. In 2000 he was assigned to the Astronaut Office Extravehicular Activity Branch, while maintaining a position as Lead ESA Astronaut in Houston. Nicollier retired from ESA in April 2007.

Space Shuttle Atlantis / OV-104 | STS-46

National Aeronautics and Space Administration | USA
Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
July 31, 1992, 1:56 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Heliophysics

STS-46 was a NASA Space Shuttle mission using Space Shuttle Atlantis and was launched on 31 July 1992 at 9:56:48 am EDT.

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Space Shuttle Endeavour / OV-101 | STS-61

National Aeronautics and Space Administration | USA
Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
Dec. 2, 1993, 9:27 a.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Astrophysics

STS-61 was the first Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission, and the fifth flight of the Space Shuttle Endeavour. The mission launched on 2 December 1993 from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The mission restored the spaceborne observatory's vision, marred by spherical aberration, with the installation of a new main camera and a corrective optics package. This correction occurred more than three and a half years after the Hubble was launched aboard STS-31 in April 1990. The flight also brought instrument upgrades and new solar arrays to the telescope.

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Space Shuttle Columbia / OV-102 | STS-75

National Aeronautics and Space Administration | USA
Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
Feb. 22, 1996, 8:18 p.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Unknown

STS-75 was a United States NASA Space Shuttle mission, the 19th mission of the Columbia orbiter.

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Space Shuttle Discovery / OV-103 | STS-103

National Aeronautics and Space Administration | USA
Kennedy Space Center, FL, USA
Dec. 20, 1999, 12:50 a.m.
Status: Success
Mission: Astrophysics

STS-103 was a Hubble Space Telescope servicing mission by Space Shuttle Discovery. The mission launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on 19 December 1999 and returned on 27 December 1999.

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Johann-Dietrich Wörner

The European Space Agency is an intergovernmental organisation of 22 member states. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, France, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,000 employees. ESA's space flight programme includes human spaceflight (mainly through participation in the International Space Station program); the launch and operation of unmanned exploration missions to other planets and the Moon; Earth observation, science and telecommunication; designing launch vehicles; and maintaining a major spaceport, the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou, French Guiana.